EDR P4 – Explain how national initiatives promote anti-discriminatory practice. What is Legislation?
The process of making or an acting law.
There are a number of different acts in Legislation, these include: Sex discrimination act 1975
This act applies for both men and women. It promotes that both men and women should be treated equally. For example in transport, education, jobs, equal pay etc. It promotes anti-discriminatory practice by making sure that men and women are treated equally, if this act didn’t exist, men and women may be deprived of certain choices. This act includes any discrimination against homosexual marriages or civil partnerships, any discrimination against pregnant women and maternity leave, also equal pay for both men and women.
Disability Discrimination Act 2005
This act applies to anyone that has some sort of disability. This act is in place to protect disabled people against discrimination both in employment and when using a service or facility. For example, anyone with a disability should have the same opportunities in work or learning places such as school, colleges or universities. In other places such as shops and banks, and to also make sure that they are treated fairly when they go somewhere to eat or drink, such as restaurants or pubs. Public transport services have to make sure trains; buses etc. are accessible and have the right facilities for anyone with a disability. “The government has implemented the legislation in three phases. Phase I in 1996 made it illegal to treat disabled people less favourably because of their disability. Phase II in 1999 obliged businesses to make 'reasonable adjustments' for disabled staff, like providing additional support or equipment. They also had to start making changes to the way they provide their services to customers, for example providing bank statements in large print. Phase III from October 2004 businesses may have to make physical alterations to their premises to overcome access barriers. The example people most readily think of is installing ramps for wheelchair users.” http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/uk/3139114.stm
The Human Rights Act 1998
Human rights are the basic rights and freedoms that belong to every person in the world. Human rights are based on core principles like dignity, fairness, equality, respect and autonomy. They are relevant to your day-to-day life and protect your freedom to control your own life, effectively take part in decisions made by public authorities which impact upon your rights and get fair and equal services from public authorities. This Act aims to protect individuals against the breach of their basic human rights, such as; * The right to life
* The right to a fair trial
* The right to respect civil partnerships
* The right to respect for private and family life
* Freedom of expression
Codes of practice and charters
Codes of practise are made by professionals to guide health and social professionals on their roles, responsibilities and rights. They also help the services users to understand what service to expect, and what support and behaviour should be shown by the staff members. It tells them if they do not get what they should get, that they have every right to complain. These codes apply to everyone that works in a health and social care environment, including voluntary work and private services. Charters are there to inform staff and service users what they should expect, and the standards of what to expect, for example a patient charter will tell them what standard of care they should receive and that if they don’t receive this standard of care that they have every right to complain, also charters must be put out where staff or a service user can find and read of they wish to. This helps promote discriminatory practise because when working in a health and social environment, no one is left feeling they are less important than another service user, everyone gets equal...
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