Unit : Work With Babies and Young Children to Promote Their Development and Learning.
1. Explain the pattern of development in the first three years of life and the skills typically acquired at each stage
Age |Physical Development |Social and Emotional Development |Intellectual Development |Language Development | |At Birth |They Lie in a foetal position with their knees tucked up. They are unable to raise their head. The head falls backwards if pulled to sit. They React to sudden sound. They Close their eyes to bright light. They Open their eyes when held in an upright position. |They very quickly start to Bond with their mother. They Start smiling at about 6 wks. |They begin to become aware of physical sensations such as hunger. They explore using their senses. They make eye contact and cry to indicate need. |They cry vigorously. They respond to high-pitched tones by moving their limbs. | |3 Months |The pelvis is flat when lying down. The Lower back is still weak. The back and neck firm when held sitting. They can grasp objects placed in their hands. They turn the head round to have a look at objects. They can establish eye contact. They start to display signs of teething. |They will squeal with pleasure appropriately. They react with pleasure to familiar routines. They can decide who they smile at. |They start to take an increasing interest in their surroundings. They show interest in playing. They can understand cause and effect like pushing or kicking a mobile because they know it makes a noise. |They are attentive to sounds made by the voice. They can Indicate needs with differentiated cries. They are beginning to vocalise. They will smile in response to speech. | |6 Months |They should be able to lift the head and shoulders and sit up with support. They enjoy being held up to stand and jump. They can transfer objects from one hand to the other. They can Pull themselves up to sit and sits upright with little support. They can roll...
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