4 March 2013
Romanticism is the only literary movement exhibits a wide variety of art, literature and intellect in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. This movement has been a topic of ample disagreements over its defining ideologies and aesthetics. It can best be described as a large network of sometimes competing philosophies, agendas, and points of interest. In England, Romanticism had its greatest influence from the end of the eighteenth century up through about 1870. Its primary vehicle of expression was in poetry, although novelists adopted many of the same themes. The two writers discussed in this paper will be Emily Dickinson and Edgar Allan Poe. Romanticism was an artistic and intellectual movement originating in Europe in the late 18th century. The romantic period saw an overflowing of emotions, with “lyrical ballads” maintaining that all good poetry is the spontaneous overflow of powerful feeling. The romantic period in American literature, which included writers like Washington Irving, Emerson, Thoreau, Emily Dickson, Edgar Allen Poe, Nathanial Hawthorne, Walt Whitman, Herman Melville, and others. Romanticism is a movement in the arts that flourished in Europe and America throughout much of the 19th century from the period of the French revolution in 1789. Romantic artists’ glorified nature, idealized the past, and celebrated the divinity of creation. There is a fundamental emphasis on freedom of self-expression, sincerity, spontaneity and originality. The movement rebelled against classicism, and artists turned to sources of inspiration for subject matter and artistic style. Their treatment of subject was emotional rather than reasonable, intuitive rather than analytical. Among other Romantics, the focus on the human being was manifested in a fascination with the eerie and exotic and with the effects of guilt, evil, isolation, and terror on the human psyche. Romanticism was seen as a revival of the essentially modern, spiritual and fantastic culture of the middle Ages. Romantics were involved in emotional directness of personal experience and individual imagination and aspiration. The romantic period originated in Germany. Writers like words worth and Coleridge are famous romantic writers in England. In American literature, famous writers like Edgar Allen Poe, Herman Melville, and Nathaniel Hawthorne created fiction during the romantic period in the United States. Explore the American fiction from the romantic period. When you think of a words worth and Coleridge, and of the other English romantic poets of course that’s because the romantic period originated in Germany and moved to England. But romanticism came to United States as well. It is important to note that the romantic period in America was different than the Coleridge brand. Writers like Walt Whitman were created himself as the American icon. Romanticism as a term derives from “romance” which form the medieval period (1200-1500) and on simply meant a story that was advanturistic and improbable. Romances are distinguished from novel, emphasize the mundane and realistic. The period between 1860 and 1900 for the United States is often called “ the age of realism” because of the many authors who present their novels subject matter in a realistic manner. The romantic period refers to literary and cultural movements in England, Europe and America roughly from 1770- 1860. Romantic writers saw themselves as revolting against the age reason and its value. Romanticism was a movement in art literature in the eighteen and nineteen centuries in revolt against the neoclassicism of the previous centuries. The German poet Friedrich Schlegel, who is given credit for first using the term romantic to describe literature, defined it as “literature depicting emotional matter in an imaginative form”. This is as accurate a general definition as can be accomplished, although victor Hugo’s...
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