EDA 3046 STUDY GUIDE 2015

Topics: Environmentalism, Environment, Conservation movement Pages: 89 (16179 words) Published: August 18, 2015
# 2006 University of South Africa
All rights reserved
Printed and published by the
University of South Africa
Muckleneuk, Pretoria
EDA304-6/1/2007±2009
97979937
3B2

PRS styl

(iii)

EDA304±6/1/2007±2009

Contents
Study unit
1

2

Page

AN INTRODUCTION TO ENVIRONMENTAL EDUCATION

1

1.1 Introduction
1.2 The concept ``environment''
1.2.1 A dictionary definition
1.2.2 A holistic representation of the environment

1
4
4
4

1.3 Development of the concept ``environmental education''
1.3.1 Development of the concept in different parts of the world 1.3.2 Development of the concept in South Africa: A case study 1.3.3 Inclusion of environmental education in formal education in South Africa

1.3.4 The concepts ``environmental studies'' and ``environmental education''

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5
6
6
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1.4 Definitions of the concept ``environmental education''
1.4.1 Values
1.4.2 Concepts in environmental education
1.4.3 Skills
1.4.4 Attitudinal or behavioural change
1.4.5 Decision making
1.4.6 The role of human needs in environmental education

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1.5 Paradigms, philosophies and ideologies for environmental education 1.5.1 Dominant social paradigm versus new environment-oriented paradigm 1.5.2 Ecocentrism versus anthropocentrism
1.5.3 Technocentrism versus ecocentrism
1.5.4 Empirical versus hermeneutic versus critical sciences

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1.6 Environmental literacy
1.7 Sustainable development and education for sustainability 1.8 Principles of environmental education
1.8.1 Introduction
1.8.2 Principles of the Tbilisi Conference and their implications for environmental education in South Africa
1.8.3 Conclusion

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ENVIRONMENTAL LEARNING IN THE CURRICULUM

36

2.1 Introduction
2.2 The introduction of environmental learning in the curriculum 2.3 Methods, techniques and resources for environmental education 2.3.1 Introduction
2.3.2 What is a method?

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(iv)

Study unit

3

Page

2.4 Resources for environmental educators
2.4.1 What are resources (media)?
2.4.2 Why are resources (media) used?
2.4.3 Groups of resources (media) and their use in environmental education

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40

2.5 Environmental learning
2.6 Assessment in environmental education

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42

INTRODUCTION TO BASIC ECOLOGICAL PRINCIPLES AND SOME
ENVIRONMENTAL THEMES AND ISSUES Ð BASIC ECOLOGICAL
PRINCIPLES

43

3.1
3.2
3.3
3.4
3.5
3.6

Introduction
What is ecology?
Interaction between living organisms
Food chains and food webs
Energy
Ecological cycles
3.6.1 The carbon cycle
3.6.2 The nitrogen cycle

3.7 Population ecology
3.8 Environmental issues
3.8.1 Introduction
SOURCES USED IN THE COMPILATION OF THIS WORKBOOK

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56

1

EDA304-6/1

Study unit 1

An introduction to environmental
education

a

LEARNING OUTCOMES
After working through this study unit, you should be able to .
.
.
.
.
.
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.
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.
.
.

evaluate and explain the term ``environmental education''
explain the origin and attributes of environmental education in South Africa define, analyse and critically evaluate environmental education in South Africa describe the events that led to the recognition of environmental education in formal education in South Africa

describe and give examples of some important facets of environmental education, such as values, attitudes and environmental concepts analyse various philosophies, paradigms and ideologies relating to environmental education and give your views in this regard

define the concept ``environmental literacy'' and make a list of criteria that can be used to assess whether or not a person is environmentally literate explain the concept ``sustainable development''

list 12 principles of environmental education
explain the meaning of these principles in a Southern African context give environment-related examples to which...
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