Ecotourism in Thailand

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Abstract
Sustainable tourism is significant for future generations. Without respect for natural wealth human can turn the Earth into great wasteland within one century. In this research, the paper will concentrate on ecotourism in case of Thailand and support it with conclusions from other cases, which are rainforest, Great Barrier Reef, and experience of Spain. While analyzing the case of Thailand, we tried to find out the scale of deforestation, poor waste management and degradation of coastal areas and also to find solutions for them.

Keywords: Ecotourism, Ecosystem, Coastal areas, Sustainable management
Executive Summary
The paper is about how ecotourism is conducted in Thailand with a focus on the coastal area. As most qualitative research method case studies are chosen. To achieve the results, we gathered information from the departments, which are in charge of the coastal areas in Thailand, as well as from organizations, which are involved in the problems occurring on the areas. One important matter in the information we received is about how problems caused by exhaustive tourism are solved. Some are issued in the written measures, while some are the campaign to raise the people’s awareness. We analyzed whether the solution meets the ecotourism objective or not. The main objective of ecotourism is to maintain the social, economic and environmental balance in tourism. After reading this paper, one should have a better understanding about the sustainable management of tourism, focusing on the handling of environmental problems in the coastal areas of Thailand. The paper is organized as following. In the introduction, the term of ecotourism is described. Furthermore, we formulate our research question. In the background part, we first present our research methodology, before we introduce some general cases how ecotourism is performed. As a core of the paper, our study deals with the main environmental problems on the coastal areas in Thailand in the context of tourism and the attempts to solve them. In the end, we formulate the key findings and evaluate the attempts to solve the environmental problems, before we give some final remarks in the conclusion.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

ABSTRACT………………………………………………………………..……… 2 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY………………………………………………….…..... 3 TABLE OF CONTENTS…………………………………………………….…… 4 1. INTRODUCTION…………………………………………...………………... 5 2. BACKGROUND…………………………………………………………...…. 6 2.1 Marines and Coastal Degradation…………………………………………. 6 2.2 Deforestation and Rain Forest Tourism………………………………..….. 7 2.3 Water Overuse and Case of Spain ..……………………………………….. 8 3. STUDY………..………………………………………………………………. 9 3.1 Deforestation………………………………………………..………….….. 9 3.2 Poor Waste Management…………………………………………..…..…. 10 3.3 Degradation of Coastal Areas…..…………………………………….….... 11 4. RESULTS/EVALUATION………………………………………………….... 12 5. CONCLUSION…………………………………………………………….…. 14 REFERENCES……………………………………………………………………. 15 APPENDIX A…………………………………………………………................... 16 APPENDIX B…………………………………………………………………….. 17 APPENDIX C……………………………………………………………….…….. 18

1. INTRODUCTION
Tourism industry is a sector that contributes large part of income for many countries. Thailand is one of those countries, as it has become a popular tourist destination for tourists from all over the world. Some of Thailand’s most popular tourist attraction places are beaches. Tourists try to get away from big cities and prefer to spend their spare time close to the water. The increasing number of tourists coming to the shores seems to have enormous impacts on the coast environment. The expanding number of tourists induces investors to invest in businesses such as residences, hospitality and retail. The tourist facilities were also developed along with the growth of the tourism. Soon, coastal biodiversity or ecosystems of touristic places would be destroyed. This problem made us to make the research about...
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