The United Nations Organization may have been a failure as far as the peace and security of the world is concerned but there can hardly be any doubt that it has played a critical role in promoting global social and economic cooperation. The Economic and Social Council under the chapter IX and X of the UN charter has proved to be of immense value. It coordinates and provides a genera attraction to the specialized agencies of the UN. The areas of its services include a number of extremely important factors related to the global social and economic welfare. Food security, elimination of disease, refugee welfare, children welfare, scientific research and cultural exchanges are only a few of the issues the EcoSoc is dealing with in a relatively successful manner. Composition of ECOSOC :
The Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC) is one of the 6 principal organs of the United Nations System established by the UN Charter in 1945. It consists of 54 Members of the United Nations elected by the General Assembly. The members are elected for three-year terms by the General Assembly. Seats on the Council are allotted based on geographical representation with fourteen allocated to African States, eleven to Asian States, six to Eastern European States, ten to Latin American and Caribbean States, and thirteen to Western European and other States. ECOSOC coordinates economic, social, and related work of the fourteen United Nations specialized agencies, functional commissions and five regional commissions. It serves as the central forum for discussing international economic and social issues, and for formulating policy recommendations addressed to Member States and the United Nations system.
It is responsible for:
* promoting higher standards of living, full employment, and economic and social progress; * identifying solutions to international economic, social and health problems; * facilitating international cultural and educational cooperation; and * Encouraging universal respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms. In carrying out its mandate, ECOSOC consults with academics, business sector representatives and more than 3,200 registered non-governmental organizations. The work of the Council is conducted through several sessions and preparatory meetings, round tables and panel discussions with members of civil society throughout the year, to deal with the organization of its work. Once a year, it meets for a four-week substantive session in July, alternating between New York and Geneva. The annual session is organized in five segments which include: * the High-level segment;
* the Coordination segment;
* the Operational Activities segment;
* the Humanitarian Affairs segment;
* The General Segment.
For example, during the High-level segment NGOs can participate in: * Annual Ministerial Review
* Development Coordination Forum
The Annual Ministerial Review (AMR):
The 2005 World Summit (A/RES/60/1) mandated the Economic and Social Council to convene Annual Ministerial Reviews (AMR) and biennial Development Cooperation Forum (DCF). These new functions were endorsed by the General Assembly in November 2006 (A/RES/61/16). It is conducted by means of a cross-sectoral approach focusing on thematic issues common to the outcomes of the major United Nations conferences and summits in the economic, social and related fields, including the MDGs and other IADGs. The Annual Ministerial Review (AMR), is held during the high-level segment of the annual session of the Economic and Social Council. It provided an opportunity to:
* Assess the state of implementation of the United Nations Development Agenda; * Explore key challenges in achieving the international goals and commitments in the area of global issues; * Consider recommendations and proposals for action, including new initiatives. The Development Cooperation Forum (DCF) aims to...