Economics Test Questions

Topics: Supply and demand, Economics, Elasticity Pages: 8 (569 words) Published: February 20, 2014
ECO OMICS
(Three hours)
(Candidates are allowed additional 15 minutes for only reading the paper. They must OT start writing during this time.)
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Answer Question 1 (compulsory) from Part I and five questions from Part II. The intended marks for questions or parts of questions are given in brackets [ ]. ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

PART I (20 Marks)
Answer all questions.
Question 1

Answer briefly each of the following questions (i) to (x):

[10 × 2]

(i)

Define private cost and social cost.

(ii)

What is meant by balance of payment?

(iii)

Differentiate between exante and expost demand.

(iv)

Explain the meaning of gross national disposable income.

(v)

Why is the AR curve parallel to the x axis in a perfectly competitive market?

(vi)

What is meant by utility? Explain how total utility can be obtained from marginal utility.

(vii)

Define budget. When can there be a deficit in the budget?

(viii) Explain the meaning of price discrimination in monopoly market. (ix)

Define cross elasticity of demand.

(x)

How does Central Bank use moral suasion as a tool to control credit?

1
ISC Specimen Question Paper 2014

PART II (60 Marks)
Answer any five questions.
Question 2
(a)

(b)
(c)

Discuss how the following can affect the demand curve of a commodity: (i) Change in the taste and preferences of a consumer.
(ii) Change in the income of a consumer.
Explain marginal rate of substitution with the help of an example. Explain with the help of a diagram the relationship between total utility and marginal utility.

[3]

[3]
[6]

Question 3
(a)

Derive a market demand schedule from two hypothetical individual demand schedules.

[3]

(b)

Explain the percentage method of calculating elasticity of supply.

[3]

(c)

Discuss with the help of diagrams, how equilibrium price and equilibrium quantity change when demand and supply curves decrease simultaneously.

[6]

Question 4
(a)
(b)
(c)

What is the relationship between AR and MR in imperfect competition? Explain with the help of a diagram.
State the law of variable proportions. Explain any two assumptions of the law. Explain the shapes of TFC, TVC and TC curves, with the help of a diagram.

[3]
[3]
[6]

Question 5
(a)

Differentiate between short run production function and long run production function.

[3]

(b)

Explain the meaning of break-even point and shut down point in a firm.

[3]

(c)

Discuss four characteristics of perfect competition.

[6]

Question 6
(a)

Differentiate between devaluation and depreciation of currency.

[3]

(b)

Discuss any two measures to correct the disequilibrium in the balance of payment.

[3]

(c)

Explain any four main functions of the Central Bank.

[6]

2
ISC Specimen Question Paper 2014

Question 7
(a)

Define public expenditure. Explain how public expenditure can be used to reduce regional imbalances.

[3]

(b)

Differentiate between revenue receipts and capital receipts in a government’s budget.

[3]

(c)

Define direct tax. Discuss any three differences between direct and indirect tax.

[6]

Question 8
(a)

Distinguish between real and nominal Gross Domestic Product.

[3]

(b)

Discuss two difficulties in calculating national income by income method.

[3]

(c)

Calculate national income and GDPMP from the following data:

[6]
Rs. in crores

(i)

Mixed income of self employed.

800

(ii)

Corporation tax

(iii)

Interest

(iv)

Rent

(v)

Undistributed profit

150

(vi)

Employer’s contribution to Social security

120

(vii)

Compensation to employees

50
100
80

1200

(viii) Net factor income earned from abroad
(ix)

Net indirect...
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