Politics and government matter-that is the single most important message of this book. Despite the fact that government substantially affects each of our lives, youth today are especially apathetic about politics and government. Whether because they feel they can't make a difference, the political system is corrupt, or they just don't care, young Americans are clearly apathetic about public affairs. And while political apathy isn't restricted to young people, a tremendous gap has opened up between the young (defined as under age 25) and the elderly (defined as over 65) on measures of political interest, knowledge, and participation. The goal of Government in America is to assist students in becoming well-informed citizens by providing information and developing critical analytical skills.
GOVERNMENT AND POLITICS:
Government consists of those institutions that make authoritative public policies for society as a whole. Regardless of how their leaders assume office, all governments have certain functions in common: they maintain national defense, provide public goods, use police powers to maintain order, furnish public services, socialize the young into the political culture, and collect taxes to pay for the services they provide. Part of what government does is provide public goods, services that can be shared by everyone and cannot be denied to anyone. Politics determines whom we select as our governmental leaders and what policies they pursue. The media usually focus on the who of politics. What refers to the substance of politics and government-benefits, such as medical care for the elderly, and burdens, such as new taxes. How people participate in politics is important, too. People engage in politics for a variety of reasons, and all of their activities in politics are collectively called political participation. Voting is only one form of participation. Government vs Politics
Government and Politics are two terms that are often confused as terms that convey the same meaning. Actually, there are differences between the two words. The word ‘government’ is used in the sense of ‘a body that prescribes the rules and regulations pertaining to governing a country’. On the other hand, the word ‘politics’ is used in the sense of ‘a branch of knowledge that deals with affairs of state’. This is the main difference between the two words. Government refers to the group of people that run the country. On the other hand, politics refers to the process followed by the leaders of political groups who rule the country. As a matter of fact, the path of the government is free from the interference by the common man. On the other hand, politics has the involvement of the common man to a greater extent. This is one of the main differences between government and politics. Government is found only in the act of ruling the states and districts. On the other hand, politics can be found in every discipline for that matter. Politics can be seen in education, cultural relationships, sports, arts and the like. Government is all about administration. On the other hand, politics is all about affairs of the government. Politics deals with the role of the opposition leaders too. On the other hand, government deals with the rule by the elected party. In other words, the elected party alone is fit to form the government. The opposition party that contributes to politics cannot form the government. On the other hand, the allied parties of the elected party can become a part of the government. These parties can lend a helping hand to the elected party. These are the differences between government and politics.
In this unit you have learned that:
* Our country is filled with individuals from different...