Economic Conributions

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Contributions and Achievements of Fidel V. Ramos
* during his time, the Philippines was cited as Asia’s Next Economic Tiger because he brought back economic growth * the Philippines celebrated Centennial Independence in 1998 * he’s the only Filipino who received British Knighthood from the United Kingdom, bestowed by Queen Elizabeth II (Knight Grand Cross of the Order of St. Michael and St. George) * he led the 4th APEC Summit held in the Philippines

* his “Philippines 2000” vision made the Philippine Stock Exchange one of the best in the world in the mid-90s * Death Penalty was reinstated at his time
* he signed peace talks and agreement with the MNLF
Joseph Estrada (June 30, 1998 – January 20, 2001)
Known as Erap, he was the first president who was a famous film actor. His governance had so many downs due to controversies, impeachment and slow economic growth. I think he’s the first president who has been impeached and the second one who was forced to leave the office because of People Power III in Edsa. Philippine economy was at its worst because of leadership uncertainty. Contributions and Achievements of Joseph “Erap” Estrada: * during his time, the MILF’s headquarters and camps were captured * he joined other leaders and politicians who supported against the Charter Change * was cited as one of the Three Outstanding Senators in 1989 * was among the “Magnificent 12” who voted for the termination of the Philippines and US Military Bases Agreement from Clark Airbase and Subic Naval Base

Ramos completed his elementary education at Lingayen Elementary School, graduating as the class valedictorian. For his secondary education, he initially studied at the University of the Philippines Integrated School (UPIS) but graduated from Centro Escolar University Integrated School. In 1946, a few months after enrolling at the National University (NU) in Manila, Ramos earned a government scholarship to study at the United States Military Academy (more popularly known as West Point) in New York, USA. This opportunity paved the way for Ramos' career as a professional soldier. He graduated from West Point in 1950 with a bachelor's degree in military engineering. The following year, he obtained a master's degree in civil engineering from the University of Illinois, also as a government scholar. He is a licensed civil engineer in the Philippines, passing the board exams in 1953 and finishing in the top 10. Ramos also holds a master's degree in national security administration from the National Defense College of the Philippines and a master's in business administration (MBA) from the Ateneo de Manila University (ADMU).

Ramos was a member of the Laban ng Demokratikong Pilipino (LDP), the dominant political party leading to the the 1992 national elections. He swore to support the presidential candidate of the party but he lost to Mitra and later on jumped ship and formed a new party, LAKAS UMDP. Since he is in control of the government, it was no doubt that he was the choice of President Aquino to be the next president of the Philippines. No military general joined Ramos in his senatorial line-up, instead they joined other parties. However, members of the LDP chose House Speaker Ramon Mitra as the party's presidential candidate; with Marcelo Fernan as candidate for vice president. With the support of President Aquino, Ramos resigned from the LDP and formed the Partido Lakas Tao, in reference to his association with the 1986 People Power Revolution. His running mate was Cebu Gov. Emilio Osmeña. Ramos' party formed a coalition with the National Union of Christian Democrats(NUCD), headed by Jose de Venecia; and the United Muslim Democrats of the Philippines (UMDP), headed by Simeon Datumanong. Ramos, Osmeña, and the Lakas-NUCD-UMDP coalition focused on their platform of unity, economic reforms, and national security. Ramos special and close friend Baby Arenas contributed heavily in the Ramos campaign....
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