Economic Concepts Worksheet

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ConceptApplication of Concept from Personal ExperienceReference to Concept in Reading Scarcity and Choice, condition of limited resources and unlimited wants and needs, consumers need to evaluate multiple options and select from them. Goods and services are scarce because of the limited availability of resources along with the limits on our technology and skillful people relative to the total amount desired. If somehow people desired nothing, there would be no scarcity. If resources were great enough to produce more than anyone desired, there would also be no scarcityConsumers have to make choices between different options because the resources necessary to fulfill their wants are limited, this happens all over the world. These decisions are made by giving up (trading-off) one want to satisfy another. When I was a child in the 80’s there was sugar and rice scarcity because employees at the manufacturing companies in the Coast of Peru where on strike then grocery stores sold the products at 1 pound per person.“Since human and property resources are scarce (limited), it follows that the goods and services we produce must also be limited. Scarcity limits our options and necessitates that we make choices. Because we “can’t have it all,” we must decide what we will have and what we must forgo” (McConnell−Brue, 2004, p. 3). Microeconomics, is a branch of economics that studies how individuals, households, and firms make decisions to allocate limited resources, typically in markets where goods or services are being bought and sold.When you are at the beach, you see the amount of sand and the amount of shells and rocks; this is a classic example to differentiate macroeconomics and microeconomics. The shells and the rocks are microeconomics.“In microeconomics we talk of an individual industry, firm, or household. We measure the price of a specific product, the number of workers employed by a single firm, the revenue or income of a particular firm or household, or...
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