DIRECTORATE OF ECONOMICS & STATISTICS BANGALORE, KARNATAKA
INTRODUCTION Reliable and timely data base is the basic necessity for any sound and systematic planning. Moreover, the availability of detailed information, preferably at Micro level is the key for effective planning. Though a fairly adequate system of agricultural statistics has already been developed in the country, such an information system has not yet been built up for the Non-Agricultural Sector, especially in un-organized sector though it assumes greater importance due to its significant contribution towards Gross Domestic Product and also in generation of employment in developing economy. But this data relating to this segment which would facilitate fair assessment of its share in the National/State Income and also its impact on the growth of income and employment are either scarce or not available at regular intervals.
DEFINITION ‘The Economic Census (EC) is the official count of all entrepreneurial units located within the geographical boundaries of any country or a region & involved in any economic activity – either in agriculture (excluding crop production and plantation) or in nonagricultural sectors of the economy. The units should be engaged in either production of goods or their distribution or in delivery of services or a combination of these, but not for the sole purpose of own consumption.’ OBJECTIVE The important objectives and benefits of Economic Census are ‘’It provides a fine, comprehensive sampling frame for undertaking large or small sample surveys on the status and activities of establishments in the un-organized sector. Bridges essential data gaps on all units of economic activity such as their number, the type of ownership, the nature of their operations, the kind of power or fuel used etc.’’
ADVANTAGES The economic census furnishes an important part of the framework for such composite measures as the gross domestic product estimates, input/output measures, production and price indices and other statistical series that measure short-term changes in economic conditions. Specific uses of economic census data include the following: •Policymaking agencies of the government may use the data to monitor economic activity and to assess the effectiveness of policies. •State, Central and local governments may use the data to assess business activities and tax bases within their jurisdictions and to develop labor laws, base for commercial tax etc. •Trade associations and Individual businessmen may use the data to locate potential markets and to study market trends.
DATA LIMITATIONS 1. The First economic Censuses conducted in 1977 included turn over (both production and value) particulars. In the Second Economic Census these items have been dropped. Reasons for this may be explored to plug the data gaps and to be revived since it is very valuable information for multi-purposes. Hence, it is vital to correlate the census data with that of production results.
DATA LIMITATIONS – contd. 2. The term ‘Private Non-Profit institutions’ shall be clearly defined. All the societies registered under societies Registration Act 1960 should be covered and suitable space may be provided in the data sheets. At present, institutions which are financed and controlled by households e.g: Dharmashala, Trust or Temple etc. are treated as NonProfit Institutions (NPI).’ This definition does not cover the Sports Institutions, Education Societies etc. Economic Census 2005 gives about 55000 units of establishment under NPI, whereas NPI first phase survey has identified 192487 societies in Karnataka registered under Societies Registration Act 1960
DATA LIMITATIONS – contd. 3. Less than 10 employees are employed in nearly 68% of the establishments. Information regarding these institutions will be of much value for analyzing their contribution in terms of employment, GSDP and formation of labor safety laws in unorganized...