|Trinidad and Tobago |[pic] |
|Introduction |Trinidad and Tobago |
By Robert Benoit
Trinidad and Tobago, the land of my birth, has a diverse culture of people which is reflected in the islands' numerous festivals. Each individual culture is celebrated by the collective people that inhabit these islands. In Trinidad and Tobago, we celebrate the Hindu festival of Divali, the Muslim festival of Eid-ul-Fitr and numerous Christian festivals, including Christmas. Ethnic Composition
Trinidad and Tobago prides itself on being a cosmopolitan nation, where people of all races and religions work in harmony. Due to its complex history, there are currently various types of ethnic groups in the country: ETHNIC GROUPS (2000)
ETHNIC GROUP PERCENTAGE OF POPULATION
EAST INDIAN DECENT 40.0%
AFRICAN DECENT 37.5%
First colonized by the Spanish, the islands came under British control in the early 19th century. The islands' sugar industry was hurt by the emancipation of the slaves in 1834. Manpower was replaced with the importation of contract laborers from India between 1845 and 1917, which boosted sugar production as well as the cocoa industry.
The discovery of oil on Trinidad in 1910 added another important export. Independence was attained in 1962. The country is one of the most prosperous in the Caribbean thanks largely to petroleum and natural gas production and processing. Tourism, mostly in Tobago, is targeted for expansion and is growing. The government is coping with a rise in violent crime. Trinidad and Tobago is famous for its pre-Lenten celebration, Carnival, which, by...