Ecology of Public Administration

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UNIVERSITY OF MALAWI

CHANCELLOR COLLEGE

FACULTY OF SOCIAL SCIENCES

DEPARTMENT OF POLITICAL AND ADMINISTRATIVE STUDIES

FROM: GRANT ZIMBA

TO: DR TAMBULASI

REG NO: PA/04/12

COURSE CODE: PAS111

ASSIGN NO: ONE

TITLE: ECOLOGY OF PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION
DUE DATE: 21/12/2012

“Public administration is the machinery as well as the integral processes, through which the goverment performs its functions” nnoli(1986;165).The term public administration which is composed of two words namely: public and administration.Where the word public refers to all the issues to with the nation and its citizens of that particular country.Where as administration according to Rowart who cited Gullick(1937) defined it as it “has to do with getting things done;with the accomplishment of defined objectives. According to Hughes(2003;9) argued to say that public administration which is just the same to say the public sector.He also continued to say that the public is simply too large:which makes it to consume too many resources.Resources as stated by many economists to say that they are scarce for instance resources like land,labour,capital and intepreneurial skills.In this regard the public administrator is exposed to such an intense pressure one can ever imagine.So as to say he is made responsible to manage and control all these these scarce resources just to make sure that the government is not using up much of the resources which are already scarce for that matter.He also stating that the scope of the public sector is very wide in as far as its daily activities and programmes are concerned.Besides that its daily activities and programmes are diverse and complex making the performance of the public administrator not to be simple. In attempt to deal with all these issues public administration is exposed to different internal and external environmental(ecological) factors which in turn affects its day to day performance and behaviour.After reading this essay one will understand how these affect the performance and behaviour of public administration negatively and positively.In this essay,the internal and external environmental factors have been explained to a greater detail such that one will understand how this transpires. In the first place technological environment affects public administration externally in the sense that it can affect its performance and behaviour positively and negatively.According to Hughes(2003;14) technology can affect public administration positively which can be seen as he is pointing out to issues of the adoption of the E-government in today`s world especially in developed countries.Inaddition to the E-government, the use of Information and communication technologies have also been mentioned(ICTs).Information Communication Technologies like distributed computer systems,internet linkages,new data bases and other technologically advanced materials.All these make the work of public administrators easy,Just to elaborate more on that public administrators in a government institution collectively form what we call bureaucratic structures. This collection of public administrators in a government institution is referred to as the bureaucracy.In this regard,the electronic government can affect the governments positively in the sense that the work which is supposed to be done by a public administrator or a mere civil servant is being worked out by the Information sophisticated materials for instance computers and the...
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