Ecological Footprint

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1. Choose an overpopulated country in the world.  Describe its situation (use some statistics) and then find out if that country (or perhaps a United Nations program, or NGO program, is in place to the help in the resolution of the problems associated with the overcrowding.

Rapid population growth during the 20th century helped shaped China’s society in a myriad of ways as China struggled with the breakdown of its dynastic structures, world wars, civil wars and the founding of a new nation. The 20th century was a time of momentous changes for the Chinese people and demographic change was as essential as their social and political transformation. China’s recent population history contains two remarkable episodes with respect to human population. The first was the famine that followed after the Great Leap Forward, considered the largest famine of the post- World War II era and also the biggest population disaster. The second episode was the rapid reduction in birth rates during the 1970’s, which was engineered by strict government birth control policies, that was faster and more complete compared to any fertility decline in other countries. China has consistently been the most rapidly growing economy on earth sustaining an average annual growth rate of 10% from 1978 to 2005, according to official statistics. (Naughton) China is the most populous country in the world: its population surpassed 1.3 billion people in 2004 despite a declining birthrate. Rapid growth and huge population have implied that China would eventually emerge into the front ranks of world economies (Naughton). Currently, China has the following demographic statistics: There are approximately 12 births per 1,000 populations, 7 deaths per 1,000 populations and a rate of natural increase of 0.5% (Raven, Hassenzahl and Berg). The infant mortality rate in China is 17%; the life expectancy at birth for women is 77 years and men 72 years respectively (Raven, Hassenzahl and...
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