I. What is an eating disorder?
“An eating disorder is an unhealthy relationship with food and weight that interferes with many areas of a person’s life. One’s thoughts become preoccupied with food, weight or exercise. A person who struggles with an eating disorder can have unrealistic self-critical thoughts about body image, and his or her eating habits may begin to disrupt normal body functions and affect daily activities. Eating disorders are not just about food and weight. People begin to use food as a coping mechanism to deal with uncomfortable or painful emotions or to help them feel more in control when feelings or situations seem over-whelming.” (National Association of Anorexia Nervosa And Associated Disorders)
II. What are the three most common eating disorders?
A. Anorexia Nervosa- A person having a fear of gaining weight or becoming fat which is their motivation to restrict calories, skip meals, self-starvation or extreme diet by only eating certain foods. B. Bulimia Nervosa- A person having a fear of gaining weight or becoming fat but instead of depriving themselves from food they binge and purge. a. Binging is eating large amounts of food in a short period of time. b. Purging is eliminating that food by inducing vomiting. c. A person may also use laxatives, diuretics or diet pills to purge weight C. Eating Disorders Not Otherwise Specified –
d. Those people who have symptoms of other eating disorders but do not meet the strict criteria for diagnoses of one specific disorder. e. 52% of people with eating disorders have EDNOS.
III. What Causes eating disorders?
A. Depression and Anxiety – One of the symptoms of depression is loss of appetite B. Psychological Factors – Every case is different but there are common patterns f. For anorexia: fear of growing up, needing to please others or be liked, perfectionism, need to have control, need for attention from...