East African Culture Reflects on Their Drama Using Aminata, Echoes of Silence and I Will Marry When I Want as Case Study

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EKITI STATE UNIVERSITY
ADO - EKITI

FACULTY OF ARTS
DEPARTMENT OF ENGLISH AND LITERARY STUDIES
AN ASSIGNMENT ON:
ELS 226
(MODERN AFRICAN DRAMA)
SUBMITTED BY :
GROUP 4
QUESTION: THE CULTURE OF THE PEOPLE DETERMINES ITS DRAMA. DISCUSS THE EAST AFRICAN EXPERIENCE AS EXEMPLIFY IN FRANCES LIMBULGA’S AMMATA, NGUGI WA THIONGO’ S I WILL MARRY WHEN I WANT AND JOHN RUGANDA’S ECHOES OF SILENCE.

LECTURER-IN-CHARGE:
DR OLANIYAN MRS

LIST OF GROUP MEMBERS.
OGUNFEIBO AYOKUNLE O1002630
IBITOYE EBUNOLUWA ABIGAEL1000154
ADEBIYI ADEBIMPE MOYOYINOLUWA1000074
ADEOYE ADEDAYO DAVID1000084
FADARE OLUYEMI ABIOLA1000143
TALABI GABRIEL OLUMIDE1000212
ADEBAYO BLESSING OLUWATOSIN1000072
SHITU RISIKAT ADESOLA1000210
ADEKUNLE AFOLASADE 1000814
JAMES IDOWU RUTH1000159
AKINRINMADE MAYOWA MICHEAL1000110
ADEGBILE OLUWAFUNKE 1000813
ANDERO ABOSEDE ADETUTU1000118
AYODELE TITILAYO OMOLARA1000128
OLOPADE SIMISOLA1000843
AJIBORO SAMUEL T1000823
AJAYI MARY KEHINDE1000101
JAYEOLA JOSEPHINE YETUNDE1000161
AKINLUSI VINCENT ODUNAYO1000108

TABLE OF CONTENT
PAGES
INTRODUCTION. 3
ORIGINS AND FORMS OF DRAMA IN THE AFRICAN CONTEXT. 4 PHASES OF DRAMATIC LITERATURE DEVELOPMENT IN AFRICA. 5 – 7 EAST AFRICA PEOPLE AND THEIR CULTURE. 7 – 8
SYNOPSIS OF THE THREE PLAYS. 8 – 18
HOW EAST AFRICAN CULTURE REFLECTS ON THEIR DRAMA 18 – 30 USING AMINATA, ECHOES OF SILENCE AND I WILL MARRY WHEN I
WANT AS CASE STUDY.

Introduction
The main objective of this work is to examine with great scrutiny how people’s culture reflects on their drama. But for this write up we will be focusing majorly on east African experience examining the impact of east African culture on their drama. The cultural experience is grouped into three categories: the pre-colonial, colonial and the post colonial era using plays from notable east African writers as case study among which we have frances linbulga’s Aminata, Ngugi Wa thiongo’s I will marry when I want and John ruganda’s Echoes of silence. Although the three plays falls in the post colonial era; portraying and examining the effect of colonization, but at the same time it gives an insight into the pre colonial and colonial scenario as it is not possible to talk about the post colonial era without first mentioning what precedes it. East Africa culture and colonial experience was put under the microscope examining the impact of colonization that is how it has changed the people’s culture and orientation. Examining the common themes in the three plays that portrays east Africa culture and cultural change among the east Africans. Since the three plays were set in Kenya and Uganda and due to the impossibility of covering all that is taking place in east Africa, we confine ourselves to Kenya and Uganda which happens to be the setting of the three plays and also because aside from Tanzania no other east african nation has much to offer in terms of theatrical development. From our research we are able to diagnose the fact that writers are greatly influenced by the environment in which they hailed from. The culture that is obtained from their environment forms a basis for their drama has it is impossible to separate drama from culture.

Origin and forms of drama in the african context

“The world is a stage and drama a mirror of the society” - heard in many languages and countries. Probably it is as old as man itself. The origin of drama is difficult to trace and its development in human society is hard to describe on the basis of verifiable facts. Originally the ancient Greek word drama means "action". This term is said to be used for the first time, in connection with what we call drama, about 560 B.C. by a Greek called Thespis when he enriched his religious singing and dancing choirs with a costumed,...
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