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Master of Arts Part-II
 
Paper - V System & Theories in Psychology
 
Objective :
To acquaint the students with systems and theories in psychology.  
The Scheme of the Question Paper :
1.    The paper will consist of five units.
2.    There will be two chapter in each unit.
3.    Every chapter in the unit should be given equal weightage in the examination. 4.    Question paper should be drawn with the "Internal Option" in such a way that students should not        omit any chapter.

 
Marking Scheme :
*    Total Marks : 100
*    Each unit carry equal marks in the question paper
*    Each chapter in the should have equal weightage of 10 marks.     
Unit - 1   
Chapter : 1    Structuralism & Functionalism :
Structuralism :
*    Wilhelm Wundt - Scientific Psychology
*    Edward Bradford Titchener's Structuralism
      -    Nature of Psychology
      -    Method of Psychology  
*    System of Structuralism
Functionalism :
*    The Foreuranners of Functionalism
*    William Jame's Functionalism
*    Pioneer American Functionalist G. Stanley Hall
*    The Founding of Functionalism John Dewey, Harvey A. Carr R.S. Woodworth Chapter : 2    Associationism, Pavlov's Conditioning :
Associationism :
*    Old Associationism and New Associationism
*    Thorndike's Connectionsm and Laws Of Lerning
*    Conditioning and objective psychology.
     -    Pavlov's Postulates and Principles
     -    Classical Conditioning
     -    Conditioned Reflex
     -    Stimulus - Generalization and Discrimination      -    Extinction and Inhibition
     -    Experimental Neurosis
 
Unit - 2   
Chapter : 3    Behaviorism and Reductionism :
*    Forces in the background of Behaviorism
*    Watson's Behaviorism, Principles of Behaviorism
*    Some earlier behaviorists
*    Karl S. Lashley, Donald Hebb
Chapter : 4    Neo-Behaviorism and Learning Theory :
*    Contiguity conditioning theory of Edwin Guthrie
*    B.F. Skinners inductive Empiricism
*    Edward chase Tolman's Purposive Behaviorism
*    Clark Leonard Hull's Deductive Behaviorism
*    Gregory Razran's Evolutionary levels of Learning
*    John Dollard and Neal Elgar Miller
 
Unit - 3   
Chapter : 5    Purposivism, Hormic Psychology :
*    Purposive Psychology - William McDougall
*    Hormic Psychology accourding to McDougall
*    Theory of Instincts, Classification of Instincts
*    Theory of Sentiment
*    Concluding remarks about McDougall Theort of Instincts and Hormic Psychology Chapter : 6    Gestaltism and Filed Theory :
*    The Founding of Gestalt Psychology
     -    Max Wartheimar
     -    Kurt Koffka
     -    Wolfgang Kohler
*    Gestalt - Methodology - Theoritical bases
     -    Opposition to Quantification 
     -    Physiological - Neurological basis
     -    Isomorphism
     -    Concept of Psychological field
*    Law of Perceptual Organization
*    Learning through insight
*    Creative Thinking
*    Field Theory - Topological concepts and Personality Theory  
Unit - 4
Chapter : 7    Psychoanalysis :
*    Historical Antecedents of Psychology
*    Postulates of Psychoanalysis
*    The Unconscious
      -    Conscious, Preconscious and Unconscious
      -    Dream Interpretation
*    Theory of Instincts
*    Theory of Psychosexual Development
*    Personality Theory
*    Defence Mechanisms
Chapter : 8    Analytical and Individual Psychology 
*    Analytical Psychology - Carl Gustav Jung
      -    Carl Jung and Freud
      -    Theory of Libido
     -     Conscious, Personal Unconscious and Collective Unconscious      -     Introvert - Extrovert - attitudes and personality types *    Individual Psychology - Alfred Adler
     -    Alfred Adler and Freud
     -    Main Principles of Adler's Psychology
          -    Causation versus Purposivism
          -    Striving for superiority
          -    Inferiority feeling and compensation           -    Sociability
          -   ...
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