Earthquake Case Study

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  • Topic: Provinces of the Philippines, Eastern Visayas, Regions of the Philippines
  • Pages : 33 (10306 words )
  • Download(s) : 306
  • Published : February 4, 2013
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Summary
This study has been made for the purpose that every people in Visayas must be ready at all times. The natural phenomenon called earthquake cannot be controlled. It is accustomed by the movement of the plates that no one can predict when it will happen. The different government agency- PHIVOLCS, which keeps a record on the intensity and magnitude of the earthquake in all parts of the country whose task, is to inform the people the level of crisis that arises. They keep on track 24 hours giving information as well as instruction to the people what are the basic things to do. Aside from PHIVOLCS, the National Coordinating Council and DSWD should educate the people, in terms of crisis may occur. The basic orientation how to keep them safe during the disaster must be properly initiated in every locality so that every citizen knows how to perform the basic lifesaving skills. Every person in the community of Visayas should attend drills and other seminar in order to know the basic. Proper education should be deal with to avoid any untoward incident during the earthquake. This should be community based in every locality. All the people should be aware of this to avoid getting panic when the shaking of the ground arises.

Introduction
Now a days every parts of our country experience earthquake. It was a tremendous one because many people were horrified and even evacuated from their respective homes due to some tsunami alert. Some houses were destroyed and even roads too. Earthquake is an activity of nature which no one can tell when it will happen. ` The Philippines lies within the Pacific Ring of Fire, which causes the country to

have frequent seismic and volcanic activity. In Cebu, the earthquake was the strongest so far of 2012. The strongest earthquake to hit Negros happened in 1948, but did not cause massive damage. According to PHIVOLCS, the earthquake was caused by

movement on a previously undiscovered fault. However, according to an Environmental Sciences professor, this fault was already known to private geologists hired by the Negros Occidental government to create a land use map for the province. The Philippine Institute of Volcanology and Seismology (PHIVOLCS) gave a level two tsunami alert, indicating that the public should be on watch for "unusual waves", but did not call for any evacuation. Despite this, in Cebu City, panic ensued and many residents fled towards higher ground due to rumors that a tsunami had hit the coastal villages of Ermita, Mambaling and Pasil. Residents of Dumaguete also scrambled to the mountain town of Valencia because of the scare. These rumors were later confirmed to be false. PHIVOLCS announced the tsunami alert at 14:30 PST. The degree and extent of damage caused by the earthquake were significant, with most of the damage sustained during the initial earthquake. The hardest hit were the towns of Tayasan, Jimalalud, La Libertad, and the city of Guihulngan, in Negros Oriental. Several houses and buildings collapsed, while others sustained damages. The earthquake also triggered numerous landslides which buried houses and people. Reported places where landslides occurred are Barangay Solongon, La Libertad and Planas, Guihulngan. Telecommunication services were disrupted after the earthquake. An earthquake of magnitude 7.6 hit 139 km east of Sulangan, Samar, 8:45 p.m. Philippine Time, according to the US Geological Survey (USGS).The US National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) immediately issued a tsunami warning for the Philippines, Japan, Indonesia, Taiwan, Papua New Guinea and other islands in the Pacific including Hawaii. The USGS initially reported the earthquake at magnitude 7.9, but downgraded it to 7.6 after reassessing its data at around 10 p.m. Based on preliminary estimates of the magnitude, specialists noted that a significant tsunami could have been generated. A tsunami warning was issued within 8 minutes after the tremor for coastal regions of the...
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