Early Settlement Patterns

Topics: United States, Native Americans in the United States, Thirteen Colonies Pages: 4 (1448 words) Published: May 24, 2013
Early settlement patterns
For the most part economic opportunity for growth was the common motive for all the settlers in the new world. The French, Spanish, English and Dutch all came for the same reasons, they just all handled it in different ways. Some handled it decently and others handled it horribly, at least looking at it from a Native Americans perspective that is. They all tried to make the 'new world' environment seem like old ones, which clearly it wasn't and in my opinion none of which would have survived without the help of Native Americans.

Lets start off with the Spanish, who came in hopes of finding gold and silver, which they did, and this made other European powers want a piece of the pie as well. The Spanish were the first of the European colonies to establish settlements in the 'new world'. By the 1570's the Spanish had roughly 200 settlements in North America and they were all centered around mining and plantations. They build many churches and cathedrals, as well as the first university in North America. Religion was a big part of creating the New Spain because they wanted it to mimic the motherland. New Spain refers to all of their land in North America, Central America and the Caribbean. They had all of this new land to mine and to farm so they needed all the workers that they could get: " The Spanish considered using Amerindians [Native Americans] as their labor force, but eventually relied on African slaves. Though Amerindians were often used in the Mexican gold mines, European diseases had decimated the Amerindian population, and the Spanish considered Amerindians too savage and rundown to be good workers" I didn't even know that Native Americans were ever referred to as "Amerindians" until I read that article. On another note, the Spanish also set up strict regulations on the irrigation system they had set up for their crops (squash, corn, beans...) and all of these crops that they were growing, they had learned how to grow them...
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