EARLY CIVILIZATIONS MATRIX
CIVILIZATION |politics |society/ economics |technology |art |music |architecture |philosophy |literature | |Prehistoric |Establish- ments of large social entities
7 million '' 10,000 B.C.E. |Fossil remains of near-human or proto-human creature known as Hominids 7 million-10,000 B.C.E. |Tool and weapon making
20,000 B.C.E. |Paintings and carvings on walls of caves and surface of rocks 15,000 B.C.E. |Ancient music in most of Europe (1500 B.C.E) |Neolithic architecture 10,000 B.C.E.
|Intimate association with nature
10,000 B.C.E. |Animism transmit information by way of symbols 8000 B.C.E. | |Mesopotamian |Believed their kings and queens were descended from the city gods, but never believed their kings were gods 8000 B.C.E. |Clay tokens used to tally goods
Sumer developed the first economy. Babylonians developed the earliest system of economics 8000 B.C.E.
|Metalworking, copper-working, glass making, lamp making, textile weaving, flood control, water storage, and irrigation. Iron was introduced
1700 B.C.E. |Bull man appears frequently in their art
Terracotta plaque “Queen of the Night”
1800 B.C.E. |Some songs were written for the gods but many were written to describe important events 3500 B.C.E. |Concentrates on temples, palaces, city walls and gates 2627 B.C.E.
|Embodied certain philosophies of life, particularly ethics, in the forms of dialectic, dialogs, epic poetry, folklore, hymns, lyrics, prose, and proverbs around 2000 B.C. |The finest literary work is the Epic of Gilamesh, recorded on clay tablets around 2000 B.C. | |Ancient Egyptian |Political unification of Upper and Lower Egypt under the first pharaoh “the law of the land is the mouth of the pharaoh” 3000 B.C.E. |Individuals of any class could rise in status by way of education. 3000 B.C.E. |Construction of the Great Pyramid of Gizeh’. Employ a simple form of the sundial, water clock, and glass 1450 B.C.E. |Their art comes almost exclusively from tombs and graves 1355 B.C.E. |Music was an integral part of religious worship. Harps, small stringed instruments, pipes, and sistrums often found buried with the dead 3000 B.C.E.
|Great temples were built and most have survived. Example is the Great Temple of Amon-Ra, Kamak, ca 1220 B.C.E. |Egyptians venerated the pharaoh as the living representative of the sun god. They had an understanding of mathematics and knowledge of the heavens and the sun with relationship to the stars
3000 B.C.E. |From tomb and temple walls, papyrus rolls, come prayers and songs, royal decrees and letters, prose tales, and texts 1300 B.C.E.
| |Archaic Greek |New political structures started to be formed 3000 B.C.E. |Farming, sheep-herding, hunting, fishing,
and trading. They learned about minting coins
3000 B.C.E. |Fire pottery styles
Epictitus terracotta cup
|Greek sculpture of the human body so evident as in Hellenic sculpture 700 B.C.E. |Development of the Orientalizing style mixed-gender choruses performed for entertainment, celebration, and spiritual reasons around 500 B.C.E. |First temples built around 800 BC were made of wood |The rise of democracy, philosophy
and theatre poetry around 500 B.C.E. |Revitalization
of the written language around
300 B.C.E. | |Aegean |Had a theocracy consisting of a king, warrior/religious aristocracy, and subjects around 2000 B.C. |No traces of currency.
Standard weights were found around 2000 B.C. |Weapons, tools, and implements in stone, clay, bronze, and iron around 1840 B.C.E. |Objects carved in stone or ivory, cast or beaten in gold, silver, copper, and bronze. Vases of all kings around 2000 B.C. |Music was a vital part of religious ceremonies and for social rituals like weddings, funerals around 2000 B.C. |Architectural features, such as columns, friezes, and various mouldings, mural decoration, such as fresco-