Early Childhood Curriculum

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In Early Childhood Education you use philosophies to help you succeed. You also make sure that you look into the NAEYC position and standards to make sure you are running a classroom that is within the standards. These are two critical factors in an Early Childhood classroom and you have to know how to implement them in your teaching. John Dewey was an American educator and philosopher. He helped develop the idea of pragmatism. He felt that children should explore and discover. “Dewey and other progressive followers suggested a curriculum for young children that focused on the situation and challenges that children faced as members of a democratic society” (Eliason & Jenkins pg. 5). Maria Montessori is best known for her teaching method that has her name the Montessori Method. She believed that the scenes were the source of intellectual growth and development. “She emphasized the importance of the schools and families working together” (Eliason & Jenkins pg. 5). Jean Piaget is known well for his cognitive development theory. “ Programs that incorporate Piagentian theory emphasizes that children learn through experimentation and initiative and construct their own knowledge and understanding through adaptation o the environment” ( Eliason & Jenkins pg. 5). There are many different ways to teach. Some of the goals of teaching are: “1. understanding the nature of development and learning. 2. Know what to teach, how to teach, and know how to access what children have learned. 3. Create a caring and responsive learning environment. 4. Establish positive mutual relationships of trust and respect with families 5. Pursue professional training and knowledge. 6. Treat every child with respect, dignity, and positive regard” (Eliason & Jenkins pg. 13). “The NAEYC is dedicated to improving the well-being of all young children, with the focus on quality of educational services for all children birth to age eight” (NAEYC.ORG). NAEYC position statements are their position to issues related to early childhood education. Some of the issues are: anti-discrimination, code of ethics, developmentally appropriate practice and early childhood curriculum, assessment, and program evaluation. “Naeyc’s first commitment is to the rights and interest to all children” (NAEYC.ORG). They believe that one should be hired on their competence and qualifications to perform their designated duties and that it should not be based on gender, race, national origin, religious beliefs, age, marital status, disabilities, or sexual orientation. The NAEYC code of ethics “offers guidelines for responsible behaviors and set fourth a common bias for resolving the principal ethical dilemmas encountered during early childhood care and education” (NAEYC.ORG). It also does not allow educators, doctors, and nurses to deny services to children. The developmentally appropriate practice is to “to promote excellence in early childhood education by providing a framework for best practices” (NAEYC.ORG). It promotes quality of care and education. The NAEYC “ constructs comprehensive systems of curriculum, assessment, and program evaluation guided by sound early childhood practices, effective early learning standards and program standards are a set of core principles and values, belief in civic and democratic values” ( NAEYC.ORG). They make sure that children are active, and engaged curriculum goals are shared by all and that curriculum is evidence based. “Early childhood classrooms should communities of inquiry, problem posing, and problem solving, where children perceive that in math lessons they are expected to offer their thoughts about questions posed and to find resolution to these problems” (Eliason & Jenkins pg. 319).Teachers need to incorporate problem solving and math in the curriculum to do this teachers must avoid gender bias regarding math. They should recognize different opportunities during the day to teach math and also to make sure that early math is concrete...
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