18 January, 2013
Societies that are futuristic in settings are what we call a dystopian society. Dystopia is literary the opposite of what a utopian community will be like. In dystopia, everything is distorted where people are ruled by either a strong-opposed individual through the use of militarism or technologies and also by technology themselves. Citizens of a dystopian community doesn't hold their own rights and are usually treated inhumanely, creating a fearsome and dark environment.
Short stories such as "The Lottery" written by Shirley Jackson typically follows a dystopian society. The author first introduces the story to be a utopian community where she describes the day as "clear and sunny, with the fresh warmth of a full-summer day; the flowers were blossoming profusely and the grass was richly green (Para. 1)." This entices our feeling of comfort and invites us to see what this day is all about, not knowing of what might happen in the end. The fact that Jackson first introduces us into such a calming scenery but ends it in such a misery, dehumanizes the mindset that such a "perfect" community can hide such monstrous activity. Dehumanization is a great deal in this short story where the villagers are blindly following the tradition of stoning the lottery's winner to death and treating the event like a festivity. Dehumanization is also seen through the villager's actions such as: "The people had done it so many times that they only half listened to the directions; most of them were quite. wetting their lips. not looking around (Para. 20)." Jackson creates this sense that these villagers have done it so many times that they don't even care anymore and just what this lottery to be over with, so that they can go back to their daily lives. The villagers were describe as quite because they don't want to make the lottery any longer than it is already and it can also be taken up as...