dynamics

Topics: Glossary of musical terminology, Music, Musical notation Pages: 7 (1095 words) Published: September 1, 2014
DYNAMICS
Dynamics-is the degree of loudness or softness of sound.
It indicates the particular level of intensity in which a music or sound is to be played. Usually loud and intensified music creates great tension and soft music creates a feeling of calmness and tranquillity. It makes music so expressive that may affect the listener’s mood. Dynamics describe the volume, or how loud or soft the music is played; Italian terms for dynamics include forte (loud) and piano (soft). Dynamics signs-are written above and below the notes that are to be played. Dynamics signs

symbols
Italian term
English term
ppp
pp
p
mp
mf
f
ff
fff
>
<

pianississimo
pianissimo
piano
mezzo piano
mezzo forte
forte
fortissimo
fortississimo
decrescendo
creescendo
very ,very soft
very soft
soft
moderately soft
moderately loud
loud
very loud
very, very loud
gradually deacresing loudness
gradually increasing loudness

Words/phrases indicating changes of dynamics
al niente: to nothing; fade to silence. Sometimes written as n calando: decreasing; becoming smaller
calmando: becoming calmer
crescendo: becoming louder
dal niente: from nothing; out of silence
decrescendo or diminuendo: becoming softer
fortepiano: loud and then immediately soft
fortissimo piano: very loud and then immediately soft
in rilievo: in relief (French en dehors: outwards); indicates that a particular instrument or part is to play louder than the others so as to stand out over the ensemble. In the circle of Arnold Schoenberg, this expression had been replaced by the letter "H" (for German, "Hauptstimme"), with an added horizontal line at the letter's top, pointing to the right, the end of this passage to be marked by the symbol " ┐ ". perdendo or perdendosi: losing volume, fading into nothing, dying away mezzoforte piano: moderately strong and then immediately soft morendo: dying away (may also indicate a tempo change)

marcato: stressed, pronounced
pianoforte: soft and then immediately strong
sforzando piano: with marked emphasis, then immediately soft sotto voce: in an undertone (whispered or unvoiced)
smorzando: becoming muffled or toned down

Pianissimo:Moonlight Sonata (Beethoven)
Piano:Clarinet Concerto (Mozart)
Forte:Eine kleine Nachtmusik, III (Mozart)
Fortissimo:Ode to Joy (Beethoven)
Crescendo:William Tell Overture (Rossini)
Changing dynamics:Toreador Song, from Carmen (Bizet)

Prepared by: CLARISSE ANNE B.EXIOMO II-BEed

LESSON PLAN
MUSIC 1

I. Objectives:
Explain the meaning and importance of Dynamics;
Determining the Dynamics signs;
Knowing the Words/phrases indicating changes of dynamics
II. Subject Matter:
Dynamics
III. Reference/Materials:
www.google.com
Enjoy Life with Music and Arts 1 by: Colapco and Palu-ay pp. 21-22
Visuals aid
Handout
IV. Procedure:
Daily Routines:
Prayer
Greetings
Checking of attendance and orderliness of the classroom
Review
Motivation:
How will you determined if the sound of music is soft or loud?
Presentation:
Visuals aid
Discussion
Playing music and let them indentify if it is soft or loud.

V. Assessment:
Short quiz(5 items)
VI. Assignment:
Define the following:
Timbre: vocal medium and instrumental medium
Prepared by:

Clarisse Anne B. Exiomo
BEed II

LESSON PLAN
MUSIC 1

I. Objectives:
Explain the meaning and importance of Dynamics;
Determining the Dynamics signs;
Knowing the Words/phrases indicating changes of dynamics
II. Subject Matter:
Dynamics
III. Reference/Materials:
www.google.com
Enjoy Life with Music and Arts 1 by: Colapco and Palu-ay pp. 21-22
Visuals aid
Handout
IV. Procedure:
Daily Routines:
Prayer
Greetings
Checking of attendance and orderliness of...
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