Dutch Colonisation

Topics: Indonesia, Dutch East Indies, World War II Pages: 3 (833 words) Published: May 20, 2013
From 1602 - 1942 indonesia was colonized by the Europeans. one of them was the Netherlands, they call themselves the Dutch. The Dutch started ruling in Indonesia from 1603 and ended in 1942 by a japanese invasion in world war 2. Between 1602 - 1798 indonesians were under the control of the Dutch east india company. The Indonesians suffered exploitation of its labor force, this led to a huge uprising against the Dutch rule which contributed to their demise. The Dutch colonization impacted Indonesia in many ways, which was important to the development of Indonesia.

The Dutch did not treat the Indonesians very well, they did not rule all over Indonesia, because some of the countries in indonesia were independent. The Dutch colonized Indonesia for many purposes, mainly for economical purposes, they were interested in the exotic resources found in Indonesia, as Indonesia was known for having resources such as coffee, sugar, and spices such as nutmeg, cloves, black pepper and cinnamon.

After a short period of trading spices, during 1602 the VOC (Vereenigde Oost Indische Compagnie) or Netherland’s united east india company was formed. Around 1619 after the slow process of Netherland’s industrialization, the VOC indirectly colonized indonesia. Their initial purpose was to dominate the trade in indonesia and form a monopoly of trade against other European countries, who they were competing against. The VOC slowly got more control over Indonesia as they built headquarters in Batavia, Banda, Tidore, Java, and Makasa.

Under the dutch rule, Central Java suffered starvation from 1900 to 1902 - they only suffered for two years?. The Dutch exploited the colony, its natural resources, and the labor force. The Dutch were interested in gaining high profits from the labor and resources they extracted from Indonesia.

The Dutch use to make people grow crops,make...
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