Dust Bowl

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John Mayernik
History 124
November 20th 2009
The Dust Bowl
The southern plains were one of the greatest places to be in the late 1920’s and early 1930’s. Farmers were producing crops with ease, some were even overproducing. Wheat was one of the main things that were making farmers so successful, everything was just growing right for them at the time. In 1931 though there was a drought for farmers, in which many dust storms hit the Southern plains, causing an indescribable amount of damage to farmers and their crops. This catastrophe was known as the Dust Bowl.

The Dust Bowl was caused by several different factors that all seemed to come together at the same time. (http://factoidz.com/facts-about-the-dust-bowl/) There were periods of dust storms that caused agricultural and ecological damage to the Southern plains, and some of the Canadian plains. There was also a drought from early 1931 until roughly 1939, which had killed the farmer’s crops easily. Deep plowing of the virgin topsoil of the Great Plains had killed the natural grasses that normally kept the soil in place and trapped moisture even during periods of drought and high winds. (http://www.absoluteastronomy.com/topics/Dust_Bowl) Before the storms, there was an over planting of crops by farmers, the government had told the farmers to keep growing them, and they did. Farmers were making good money after the war because of the prices of crops were selling well, so in order for farmers to plant more crops the farmers needed to buy new land, and more equipment as well. Tractors came to the fields in the 1920’s, which was twice as efficient as horse pulling. With a team of horses, a farmer could get 3 acres of prairie sod in a day, but with a tractor a farmer could get 50. When the 1930’s hit so did the depression, and that seem to be the time when the drought started. The summer of 1931, the rain had stopped, and wheat wasn’t growing at all. With the drought hitting the farmers, farmers were...
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