Durkheim's Impact on Development of Sociology

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The aim of this paper is to critically analyze Durham’s theory in influencing the sociology of work. The paper shall uncover and explain Durkheim’s system theory and then analyze its relevance to sociology of work. Various examples of work places shall be included to add more clarity and to consolidate its arguments. The conclusion shall then sum up all the points that would have been discussed so as to come up with a standpoint.

According to O’Donnell (1999) the sociology of work or industrial sociology, examines the direction and implications of trends in technological change, globalization, labor markets, work organization, management practices as well as employment relations. Emile Durkheim with his functionalism and systems theory has made relevant contribution to the discipline. From a functionalist point of view, industrialization is part of social evolution Durkheim’s systems theory gives an analogy of the human body. He argues that an organization like the human body comprises of various parts which are functional. These parts work hand in hand for the betterment of an organization hence the absence of one part affects the others. This was of great relevance and influence to contemporary work places. For example the Women’s University as a work place is comprised of the administration department, academic department, financial department as well as others. Hence, Women’s University is a system that operates as Durkheim illustrated in his systems theory. Thus, Durkheim’s systems theory is still influencing the sociology of work.

According to Worsely (1981) Durkheim’s systems theory characterizes organizational changes as the movement from mechanical solidarity where there is little difference between people and the roles they play to organic solidarity where roles become more specialized and differentiated. The change from mechanical solidarity to organic solidarity can be likened to the change from the Feudal n Craft to the mercantile...
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