During the 1600s

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During the 1600s, as waves of Puritan immigrants arrived in the region of New England, settling the area and establishing population centers in areas like Massachusetts Bay, where the part of Boston was established. In contrast to the Chesapeake region’s inhabitants, the Puritan settlers did not come primarily for economic interests and for monetary gains, but actually out of a desire to create a more pure, moral society based on their street code of moral living and emphasis on the family and community. Consequently, the Puritans had a strong impact on the development of the New England region, based on their religious emphasis and support for a theocratic political structure. By organizing their society based on their desire to create a theocracy, the Puritans ensured that their values and ideas had a profound impact on the political, economic, and social development of the New England colonies from 1630s through the 1660s.

In the area of political development of New England, the Puritans influenced the region by basing the political structure on a theocratic, authoritarian model that enforced rigid moral conformity. When the Puritan settlers founded the Massachusetts Bay Colony in 1630, their leader, John Winthrop, outlined their mission of creating a colony that was a “city upon a hill” or “mode of Christian charity” that would serve as an example of the ideal society that the Puritans hoped to create, and as John Winthrop said, “Wee must delight in eache other; make other’s conditions our owne; rejoice together, mourne together, labour together and suffer together.” Which just goes to show how they wanted the community to be more as one (Doc A). As a result, New England was invoked by laws that enforced the Puritans’ strict moral code, including bans on public drunkenness, the theater, and strict punishments for those who disobeyed “God’s law.” So, New England’s political development centered on the establishment of a theocratic state where morality...
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