I. General Facts/History: a. The durian (pronounced /ˈdʊəriən/) is the fruit of several tree species belonging to the genus Durio and the Malvaceae family b. Native to Brunei, Indonesia and Malaysia
c. There are 30 recognized Durio species, at least nine of which produce edible fruit. d. Widely known and revered in southeast Asia as the "king of fruits", the durian is distinctive for its large size, unique odour, and formidable thorn-covered husk e. The fruit can grow as large as 30 centimeters (12 in) long and 15 centimeters (6 in) in diameter, and it typically weighs one to three kilograms (2 to 7 lb). f. Its shape ranges from oblong to round, the colour of its husk green to brown, and its flesh pale yellow to red, depending on the species. g. The durian has been known and consumed in southeastern Asia since prehistoric times, h. In southeastern Asia the durian has been cultivated for centuries at the village level since the late 18th century, and commercially since the mid-20th century i. Since the early 1990s, the domestic and international demand for durian in the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) region has increased significantly, partly due to the increasing affluence of Asia
a. Anthony Bourdain, a lover of durian, relates his encounter with the fruit as thus: "Its taste can only be described as...indescribable, something you will either love or despise. ...Your breath will smell as if you'd been French-kissing your dead grandmother b. Chef Andrew Zimmern compares the taste to "completely rotten, mushy onions." c. This strong odour can be detected half a mile away by animals, thus luring them. In addition, the fruit is extremely appetising to a variety of animals, including squirrels, mouse deer, pigs, orangutan, elephants, and even carnivorous tigers d. Durians from different species or...
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