A. Du Bois' study of the Philadelphia Negro community published in the 'nineties stands out even today as a most valuable contribution B. It was because of the objective conditions of the Negro that Du Bois, intellectually a product of this period, seized upon sociology with such inherent belief and urgency. -Despite its affinity for reform, the prevailing theory of Social Darwinism did not refute the ideology of racism. The Negro was outside its vision. Du Bois therefore extended the whole range of social inquiry in America. C. Another work of this period was Du Bois' Suppression of The African Slave Trade. Written fully fifteen years before Charles Beard's The Constitution: An Economic Interpretation, this is one of the pioneer applications in the United States of economic analysis to historic phenomena
II. The Du Bois-Washington Dispute
A. Frederick Douglass preceded Booker T. Washington in pressing forward the need for industrial training for Negroes. B. Washington's famous Atlanta speech in 1895
-Booker T. Washington in pressing forward the need for industrial training for Negroes C. The Negro migrations northward speeded the growth of the Ghetto -These highly urban concentrations of misery marked both the beginning of the Negro's migration into industry and the birth of a professional class far removed from the Southern hinterland. D. Outside the Ghetto the radicalization of the middle classes and of labor was evidenced by hundreds of thousands of socialist votes in the 1904 elections.
III. The Talented Tenth and Its Program
A. Du Bois conceived that the intense political activity in the United States between 1892 and 1912 placed the Negro electorate in a decisive position -“with the right to vote goes everything; freedom, manhood, the honor of your wives, the chastity of your daughters, the right to work, and the chance to rise” -...