Topics: Second language, Reading comprehension, Inferiority complex Pages: 12 (2505 words) Published: February 19, 2013




Submitted by:

F3 CALUZA, Vallerry P.

IV Mapagpakumbaba



The method which was used in evaluating the impacts of second language to the performance of students in Saint Louis University for the school year 2012-2013 was presented in this chapter.

This chapter also discussed the tool and the procedure that was used in gathering the data, the population of the students to be involved in the study and the statistical treatment used in analyzing and interpreting the data gathered.

Research Design

The descriptive method of research was used in the study. Descriptive research is used to obtain information concerning the current status of the phenomena to describe “what exists” with respect to variables or conditions in a situation (James P. Key, Oklahoma State University, 2006).

According to Burns and Grove (2003), descriptive research “is designed to provide a picture of a situation as it naturally happens”. It may be used to justify current practice and make judgement and also to develop theories.

In addition, descriptive research provides a detailed account of a social setting, a group of people, a community, a situation, or some other phenomenon. This kind of research strives to paint a complete and accurate picture of the world by focusing on the factual details that best describe a current or past event. (Lisa M Given. Encyclopedia of Measurement and Statistics. Vol. 1. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Reference, 2007)

Since the study was concerned with the evaluation of the impact of second language to the performance of students, the effect of bilingualism of the grade seven level was to be described.

Through this method, the findings were valuable in that they provided information that enabled the researcher to define specific variables clearly, to determine their current situations, and to see how these variables may relate to other variables. The descriptive research is concerned with investigating and describing how students approach the task of learning and using a language. The results from this study provide identifications, descriptions, classifications of learner strategies, and a comparison of successful and less successful language learners.

Population and Locale of the Study

The study was focused on Saint Louis University High School wherein the data needed was taken from the Registrar’s Office. The total population of all the students that was enrolled for the academic year 2012-2013 was 1546. The researcher had taken representatives from each year level through stratified random sampling and with the use of the lottery method. Through the process, the researcher was able to decide on the section to be included in every year level.

For the Seventh Grade, 7 Magalang(B) and 7 Mapagkaisa(E) were chosen; For the Second Year, 2 Magalang(B) and 2 Mapagkaisa(E) were picked For the Third Year, 3 Mapagpakumbaba(Sci A) and 3 Mapagmalasakit(A) were selected; ang lastly, for the Fourth Year, 4 Mapagmalasakit(A) and 4 Matapat(G) were chosen as representatives.

In order to determine the actual size of the sample, the researcher utilized the Pagoso Formula, otherwise known as Slovin’s Formula. The researched had used a margin error of 5% to get a lower sample size, lower expenses and lesser time of distribution. The formula is n= ____N____

1 + Ne²

Where: n= sampling size

N= population size

e= margin of error

The table shows the division of the students to be included in the study per year level, per section.

Table 1: The Respondents per Section

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