Drugs Addiction

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Al Akhawayn University
Center for Academic Development
Information Literacy Skills 1212
Fall 2010

The causes of drugs addiction

Prepared by:

ABDELAZIZ

Under the supervision of:

Dr. AHMED KABEL

The causes of drugs addiction:

Introduction………………………………………………………………….03

Person’s biology……………………………………………………………...03

Social environment…………………………………………………………..04

Age or stage of development………………………………………………...05

Conclusion …………………………………………………………………...06

Works cited…………………………………………………………………...07

The Causes of Drugs Addiction
Nowadays, drugs addiction is considered as one of the most widespread phenomena in our modern societies. Everyone in this modern world has become aware of the dangerous consequences of being drug addicted, yet opium, cocaine, marijuana, cannabis, and many other kinds of drugs have been used for centuries and are still widely used today by a large proportion of people from different age, sex, and economic status. But, before looking at the factors that push people to take drugs, let us first define drug addiction. According to Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research (MFMER), “Drug addiction is a dependence on a street drug or a medication. When you're addicted, you may not be able to control your drug use and you may continue using the drug despite the harm it causes. Drug addiction can cause an intense craving for the drug. You may want to quit, but most people find they can't do it on their own.” In fact, people often underestimate the complexity of drugs addiction and the fact that it has become a contemporary illness that is similar to other chronic diseases such as diabetes, asthma, or heart disease. Moreover, many people used to think that people addicted to drugs were just morally weak; hence, they believe that drug abusers are able to stop “this habit” if they are only willing to do so. However, recent scientific advances have allowed us to know much more about how exactly addictive drugs impact and change the brain, and how stopping drug abuse is very complex and not only a matter of willpower. But, the real problem is that many people still do not have a clear idea about the causes behind addiction. For most of them, according to Hamid Ghodse, “the cause or causes of drug dependence are not known, or more specifically, it is not known why do some people become addicted while others in the same situation do not” (10). The causes of drugs addiction are numerous and very attached with each other, but the most important factors that interact to lead to this phenomenon are: person’s biology, social environment, and age or stage of development. It is, obviously, very important to determine whether genetic factors play a significant role in the process of addiction or not at all. Actually, finding genes which predispose to drugs addiction may undoubtedly be very helpful since it will “aid in the identification of the biological processes involved in the addiction condition and ultimately allow the development of treatments to counteract the abnormal end-point of the processes” (Paul R. Buckland, 1769). Therefore, countless researches, studies, and genetic approaches have been ongoing for many years in order to find any association or linkage between genetic factors and drugs addiction. As a matter of fact, many of these researches could come up with great results and very useful conclusions. For instance, Hamid Ghodse stated in his book “Drugs and Addictive Behaviour: A Guide to treatment” that “the discovery within the body of endogenous receptor systems for a number of psychoactive substances has revived interest in a link between drug dependency and genetic predisposition” (19). In addition, according to the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA), “genes that people are born with, in combination with environmental influences, account for about half of their addiction vulnerability.” In the same context and...
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