Intro to Criminal Justice
The illegal drug market in the United States is one of the most profitable things in the world. Each year according to the Unites States Customs Service, sixty million people enter the United States on more than 675,000 commercial and private flights. Another six million come by sea and three hundred and seventy million by land. In addition, one hundred and sixteen million vehicles cross the land borders with Canada and Mexico. More than ninety thousand merchant and passenger ships dock at U.S. ports. These ships carry more than nine million shipping containers and four hundred million tons of cargo. Another 157,000 smaller vessels visit our many coastal towns. Drug traffickers conceal cocaine, heroin, marijuana, MDMA, and methamphetamine shipments for distribution in U.S. neighborhoods. (http://www.policyalmanac.org)
Diverse groups of people traffic and distribute illegal drugs. Just in the United States, hundreds of drugs a day are smuggled here. Criminal groups operating from South America smuggle cocaine and heroin into the United States by a variety of routes, including land routes through Mexico, maritime routes along Mexico's east and west coasts, sea routes through the Caribbean, and international air corridors. Furthermore, criminal groups operating from neighboring Mexico smuggle cocaine, heroin, methamphetamine, amphetamine, and marijuana into the United States. These criminal groups have smuggled heroin and marijuana across the Southwest Border and distributed them throughout the United States since the 1970s. All our borders, seaports, and airports are vulnerable to the drug threat. Puerto Rico; the U.S. Virgin Islands; South Florida; the Southwest border; gateway airports in Chicago, Honolulu, Miami, New York, and Seattle; seaports along the Atlantic Seaboard, the Gulf of Mexico, and the Pacific coast; the Great Lakes region; and the land...