English Composition II
December 16, 2012
The media represents Mexico drug scene as a replica of the Colombian Model. Mexico did not begin to traffic drugs until sixty years ago before the Colombians decided to get into the trade. There are two different political systems in both countries; the history and the structural relationship of the drug traffickers to the political powers in Mexico. Where did drug trafficking begin and exactly where did it come from. Nowadays, all I hear in the news is that the drugs were traffic through the border of Mexico. Everything is always coming from Mexico, not Colombia or Cuba. How do we stop drug traffickers from crossing drugs across the border. The lack of research that needs to be done to stop the drug traffickers is another reason why the Colombians have picked up on what the Mexican drug traffickers have been doing for the past six decades. The concerns in the drug trafficking is the historical sociology of drug trafficking, the drug use, and the relationship between drug traffickers and the political powers in Mexico. The objective of this paper is to show the comprehensive vision of drug related problems in Mexico since the end of the last century.
The nineteenth century and the beginning of the twentieth century drugs such as marijuana, opiates and cocaine were commonly used in Mexico, special opiates such as morphine and heroin were used as basic medical reasons. Pharmaceuticals such as cocaine, coca wine, and marijuana cigarettes were only prescribed by doctors and can easily be obtained by pharmacies. The Mexican authorizes were concerned about the quality of these products and tried to protect the consumers. In the nineteenth century addicts were considered as ill people and not as criminals now in the twenty first century. There were attempts to control the poppy, marijuana and laudanum since the 1870s, but there was no success in controlling the substances (Riley, 2011).
In the first decade of the twentieth century the U.S. government was very active in the international affairs trying to convince other countries to try and control the opium and create a law to punish the offenders. In 1909 was the beginning for the U.S.A. to control opium diplomacy on drugs at the Shanghai Conference (Willoughby, 2003). The Harrison Narcotics Act of 1914 was approved in the U.S.A to control the consumption of opium and a reason for the Americans officials to expand the drugs laws worldwide. At that time the Mexican revolution was taking place, but the Mexican revolutionary leaders were more interested in political survival them controlling the drug trafficking.
Poppy culture already existed in Mexico since 1886 in the north western state of Sinaloa. Dr. Jose Ramirez Rodriguez proposed an amendment XVI of article 73 of the Constitution. This amendment gave Congress the power to dictate the laws for a healthier country. The reason for this amendment was the concern about the alcoholism, the selling of substances; which poisoned the individuals and degraded the Mexican race. Dr. Jose Ramirez Rodriguez named opium, morphine, ether, cocaine, and marijuana to stop the abuse of these substances and to bring Mexico to a healthier country (Riley, 2011). Mortality had increased because of the lack of official control on those drugs. The drugs that were mentioned that are banded were only going to be used for medical purposes only. The amendment was approved
Most of the drug trafficking was taking place in Mexicali and Tijuana; the Baja California, that was governed by Colonel Esteban Cantu from 1916 – 1920 and he was a suspect of the American authorities of controlling opium and trafficking it to the United States. The congressman was more concerned about the public health then the revenue of the opium trafficking. Years later, Poppy fields were concentrated besides Sinaloa, north western states such...