Drug Smuggling

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Colombia, the country that exports the best coffee is situated in the south side of the American continent. The Atlantic and Pacific oceans surround the occidental coast. The green mountains from the Amazon forest are in the south of the country, and are full of a variety of exotic animals and beautiful flowers that are exported to many places in the world. However, this is not the reason Colombia is so popular. Colombia has the highest rate of drug trafficking in the world. Organizations as the Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) have been trying to stop or reduce the sale of this illegal drug, fighting directly with the criminals and indirectly with the corruption that moves the government in Colombia. For hundreds of years, South American natives used marijuana as a custom medicine; with the passage of years, consumption grew and a problem began. “The real takeoff of Colombian marijuana production began in the mid- and late 1960s as a result of the growing demand generated by the United State’s market. By the early 1970s, Colombia had emerged as a major United States supplier although most of the market remained in the hands of Mexican traffickers. When in the early 1970s the United States tightened up drug enforcement along the United States-Mexican border and the Mexican state launched a major drive against its domestic producers, the epicenter of marijuana production in the hemisphere rapidly shifted to Colombia, especially to the Guajira Peninsula and the slopes of the Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta. By the end of the decade, Colombia accounted for about 70 percent of the marijuana reaching the United States from abroad. Between 30,000 and 50,000 small farmers along Colombia's Caribbean coast came to depend directly on marijuana cultivation for their livelihood, while at least another 50,000 Colombians-including seasonal pickers, transporters, guards, and bankers-made a living from it.” (Drug trafficking in, 2008). The power that a criminal acquires by...
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