Drug Cartels in Mexico

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Mexican Modern War
There are seven drug cartels in Mexico (CRS 1). The most important cartels are Sinaloa and Juarez. The Sinaloa cartel operates in the states of Nayarit, Sinaloa and Mexico State (Reforma 1). The Juarez cartel operates in Sinaloa, Nuevo León, Chihuahua, Jalisco, Morelos; and Quintana Roo. Mexican cartels employ individuals and groups of enforcers, known as sicarios. Statistics show that more than twenty people are killed daily in Ciudad Juarez, Chihuahua in crimes related to drugs. Drug lords send their gunmen to strategic places where innocent people that are in the wrong place at the wrong time are killed. Narco Lords like Vicente Carrillo Fuentes and Joaquin el Chapo Guzman, fight among themselves for the territory in Chihuahua and Sinaloa. Every death increases the power that the Cartels have. In order to combat their illicit activity, The Mexican government should not delegate control of the States of Chihuahua and Sinaloa to drug cartels due to the lack of economic resources, lack of armament, and corruption.

The Mexican government should not delegate the control of Chihuahua and Sinaloa due to the lack of economic resources. In the fight against the cartels, it is a priority to have enough resources. The Mexican Government should invest enough capital for the prevention and detention of drug cargo into the United States and across the Mexican Border. The United States department estimates that 90% of cocaine that enters to the United States comes from Mexico. This illicit activity of selling drugs generates earnings that range from $13.6 to $48.4 billion of dollars annually (Ibid). Drug cartels spend many million trying to find new ways to smuggle drugs into the United States. Thus, the government needs to spend the same amount of capital to buy special equipment with radars and UV lights to detect suspicious cars or people who try to transport drugs. Besides, this money would be used for the training of police personal and to develop the infrastructure needed to perform their duties. The people who transport drugs inside their bodies are called mules. Cartels pay half of the money to the mules when they accept the job and the other half when they complete the job. Mules can earn up to $50,000 in a single transaction (Soto 1). People who accept this kind of job are usually young women because it is easier to implant them breast transplants with heroin or cocaine, making it almost impossible for the authorities to detect the drug. Mules are also women with small children. In this case the drug is transported in diapers. If the Sinaloa and Juarez Cartels spend huge amounts of capital to transport the drugs, the Mexican government must dedicate the same resources to avoid the transportation of the drug cargo.

Also, the Mexican government should spend resources investigating financing companies like banks to prevent them from laundering of money. It is estimated that Mexican drug cartels of Juarez, Chihuahua and Sinaloa use banks and other institutions to launder $8.3 to $24.9 billion dollars annually (US Depart 1). One year ago, sports institutions in Mexico like Guadalajara Soccer and Dorados of Culiacan were accused of saving and laundering of money for the Sinaloa cartel. Due to globalization and liberalization, the people who are responsible for organized crime take advantage of open borders, privatization, free trade areas, weak states, offshore banking, electronic transfers, smart cards and cyber banking to clean millions of dollars daily in profits from the illicit business drugs (Latinnews Daily 1). Drug traffickers use the state of Chihuahua to hide and plant drugs. This State has a significant amount of people who are dedicated to the laundering of money. Chihuahua occupies the seventeenth place in the laundry of money in Mexico. Sinaloa occupies the first (Freeman 1). The government should spend enough resources to launch strong investigations against banks and...
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