Drug Addiction and Service User

Topics: Drug addiction, Heroin, Addiction Pages: 11 (3773 words) Published: June 9, 2012
Candidate Name| | Assessor Name| | Evidence Item| |
Unit| ASM1 Recognise indications of substance misuse and refer individuals to specialists|

This is a Level 3 Unit which means that bullet pointing you answer is only acceptable when stated. All other answers need to be detailed and in a narrative format.The sizes of the boxes are not indicative of the size of your answer required to meet the national standards. Keep the formatting consistent with the original document. This helps to demonstrate your IT skills.Use spell check on your computer and check your grammar. This will provide evidence for your level 2 literacy which is recommended for a Level 3 award.|

Outcome 1 Be able to recognise indications of substance misuse|

1. Identify the range of substances which may be misused and their effects (eg illegal drugs, prescription drugs, over the counter drugs, alcohol, solvents).| Prescription drugs: A person can suffer and die from respiratory depression from misusing or abusing prescription painkillers for example opioids. Prescription sedatives like benzodiazepines can lead to withdrawal seizures. Prescription stimulants such as medications for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) can cause dangerous increase in blood pressure. It is more risky when these drugs are combined with other drugs and alcohol.Also, when a person misuses a prescription drug, even on a single occasion, that individual might enjoy the experience so much that they begin to seek out the drug more often. Thus, drug abuse and drug dependence are serious risks of misusing prescription drugs. Examples of Prescription drugs are further explained below:Barbiturates: Barbiturates are medicines that work on the central nervous system and cause drowsiness and can control seizures. Barbiturates fall in the category of medicines known as central nervous system depressant (CNS). Which could also be called sedative –hypnotic drugs, barbiturates make people very relaxed, calm, and sleepy. These drugs are sometimes used for relaxation before a patient undergoes a surgery. Some may be used to control seizures (convulsions). Although barbiturates have been used to treat nervousness and sleep problems, they have generally been replaced by other medicines for these purposes. Some people taking barbiturates may feel drowsy, dizzy, light headed, or less alert when using these drugs. Due to these side effects, anyone taking these drugs should not drive, use machines or do anything else that might be dangerous until they have found out how the drugs affect them.Methamphetamine: The physical effects of amphetamines are similar o those of other stimulant drugs. When amphetamines are taken by mouth, snorted, snorted or smoked, the user usually experiences feelings of euphoria, heightened alertness and greater energy. The heart beat rate and blood pressure increases, and the tendency of being hungry and tired are reduced. Some people experience heart palpitations. The mouth is usually dry and swallowing becomes unbearable, which makes eating food difficult. Urination is also difficult. Regular use of large amounts of amphetamines may eventually result in mental illness, suicide and violent death. Amphetamines-induced psychosis is a paranoid state that may develop after ingestion or the injection of large doses of amphetamines.Benzodiazepines: The most common side effects of benzodiazepines are related to their sedating and muscle-relaxing action. This includes drowsiness, dizziness and increased alertness and concentration. Lack of coordination may result in falls and injuries, most especially in elders. Benzodiazepine causes impairment of driving skills and increased of driving skills and increased likelihood of road traffic accidents.Ketamine: Ketamine is more like a stimulant than a sedative and usually increases the heart rate. Some of the physical effects of principal concern in a non-medical use context are difficulty with walking...
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