Drug Abuse in Society

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The amount of violence within society today is astounding and medical studies have proven to show acts of violence with relation to drug abuse. Drug abuse is regarded to as a personal and antisocial dependence which usually leads to a punishable offense by authorities. Social conflict theory and drug abuse would be considered a problem of inequality and class conflict. While drug abuse is a problem throughout society, a conflict theory would argue that minorities or lower class groups are more likely to suffer, because of the negative consequences from drug abuse. Sociologists can analyze with three main theoretical perspectives of functionalism, conflict, and interactionism with drug abuse and acts of violence. These sociological theories will help to understand substance abuse as a societal phenomenon, having cultural, social, and economic origins. These theories will not only explore the individual, but the social world that exists around them. Drug abuse through the view of a functionalist may view it as dysfunctional; a significant process within society when on disrupts the social system or disturbs its solidity. The view of society is a complex system whose parts all work together to promote solidarity and stability. Drug abuse can be viewed as functional, because the drug abuse maintains the billion dollar industry along with employment of pharmaceutical companies, psychiatrists, and physicians who write and prescribe the medications and maintain rehabilitation centers. The focus is on society as a whole that can grow, create unity, cohesiveness, stability, and create fundamental necessities for social existence. Chaos, instability, and alienation will disrupt the society. Schaefer (2010) explained, “Talcott Parsons (1902–1979), a Harvard University sociologist, was a key figure in the development of functionalist theory. Parsons was greatly influenced by the work of Émile Durkheim, Max Weber, and other European sociologists. Parsons saw any society...
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