Dropping the Atomic Bomb: Was it really necessary?
In 1945, the United States with help from Canada, released a new force into unsuspecting Japan which shocked the world. It was the weapon the Manhattan project spent months working on while spending approximately $20 billion. It used up to 12% of America’s electricity during the war even though many people did not know what they were working on. It was a weapon so powerful that many heads of this project feared it would go terribly wrong. It would save many lives and end many others. It was the atomic bomb. This weapon of mass destruction was used on two Japanese cities during World War 2 though it was very controversial. However, with further review, it was completely necessary to drop the two atomic bombs on the striving cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki in order for the war to come to a swift conclusion. It saved many lives, while repelling the super power Soviet Union and it established a powerful identity for all three countries that helped make the atomic bomb.
Without these bombs, many more lives would have been lost on both sides. This weapon potentially saved millions of lives even though they took hundreds of thousands more. Though many people argue over the fact that many lives have been lost and are still being affected by these bombs, many more would’ve been lost any way. A few months earlier, the United States had launched a firebombing campaign on Tokyo, Japan which killed double the amount both atomic bombs combined had. This campaign had literally burned down all of Tokyo. Tokyo was also a major Japanese city, while Hiroshima, the first city hit by the atomic bomb, was the second biggest Japanese army base. "The world will note that the first atomic bomb was dropped on Hiroshima, a military base. That was because we wished in this first attack to avoid, in so far as possible, the killing of civilians." Many people that were killed in this attack were Japanese militants and they would have been killed any way because this would be one of the places America would focus their attack. Also, if the United States did not use those bombs, there would have been an all out war between the States and Japan. Months before the nuclear bombing, there was a battle in Iwo Jima and Okinawa, which had left 400,000 people wounded or dead. The atomic bomb casualties were a fraction compared to this. In addition, this was only a quarter of Japan’s army, which meant the actual siege of Japan would have causes much more casualties then the battle in Iwo Jima and Okinawa. The Japanese also believed in the “Bushido” in which they would fight to the death. This also worried the Allies a lot. To show them death was the only option the two atomic bombs were used. Even though many civilians were killed, they all would have died anyway due to the American fire bombing campaign that was hitting all major cities which would devastate just as much as the atomic bombs.
These also made the three countries involved in the Manhattan project seem much more powerful, due to their invention. This made sure no country would declare war on them unless they could match their technology. First of all, Great Britain, United States, and Canada were all now a force to be reckoned with as they were all involved, though the United States held most responsibility. The bombing was also the headline on newspapers all over the world and all these countries knew that these three countries had the power to use this powerful weapon. Therefore, no country would declare a war against these countries unless they had access to this technology, otherwise they weapon could easily eradicate them. These bombs also supported Truman’s statement in the Truman Doctrine which stated “I believe that it must be the policy of the United States to support free peoples who are resisting attempted subjugation by armed minorities or by outside pressures.” Normally if a country like Canada would state this about them...
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