UN attacks dropout rate in Philippines
The United Nations (UN) has dared the Aquino administration to come up with a breakthrough Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) Plan that will address high dropout rates and extreme poverty in the country, two of the goals that Manila is not on track to achieve the 2015 deadline, the Manila Times reports.
The UN was referring to the eight time-bound, concrete and specific goals that 189 world leaders committed to achieving for their nations by 2015 at the UN in September 2000 namely: 1) end extreme poverty and hunger; 2) achieve universal primary education; 3) promote gender equality and empower women; 4) reduce child mortality; 5) improve maternal health; 6) combat HIV/AIDS, malaria and other diseases; 7) ensure environmental sustainability and 8) develop a global partnership for development.
Dr. Jacqueline Badcock, UN resident coordinator in the Philippines, underscored that the bigger problem in the education situation is the increasing dropout rate in elementary levels as reported by the National Statistical Coordination Board (NSCB).
Based on the 2006 to 2007 NSCB statistics, the dropout rate increased from 8.6 percent to 9 percent, far from the 2006 target of decreasing it to 5.5 percent and 2009 target of 4.3 percent.
“A targeted program that will identify causes and solutions for high dropout rates is urgently needed to reverse this alarming trend,” Badcock said.
Badcock cited that case of the province of Sulu wherein only 62 percent of the children there are enrolled in public elementary schools, way behind the national average of 81.7 percent.
“Efforts to promote primary education enrolment should be concentrated in identifiable high-priority regions such as Sulu,” Badcock pointed out.
In addition, the UN linked poverty to the unemployment problem which makes poverty reduction and endangered goal.
UN records show that 33 percent of Filipinos still live on less than at least P45 pesos a day while the number of unemployed increased by 6.7 percent from 2.7 million in 2008 to 2.9 million in 2009.
“The government should also be ready to provide opportunities to empower low-income households to earn from these informal economic activities,” Minar Pimple, acting director of the UN Millennium Campaign, added.
No Graduation, No Jobs for Poor Filipino StudentsApril is the time for the graduation of students in the elementary, high school and college levels. There is happiness in the faces of both parents and students when the latter receive their diplomas. Is this feeling shared by majority of Filipinos, or do most of the youth have are forced to do other things than study?BY CARL MARC RAMOTA
BulatlatPublic schools offer free tuition for elementary and high school students. This may account for high enrollment there, but the failure of most students to graduate could be explained by analyzing situation of the country’s educational system.In school year 2003-2004, total high school enrolment was pegged at 6,270,208, of which 80 percent were in public high schools. And out of the 12,982,349 elementary students enrolled, almost 93 percent (12,061,675) studied in public schools.While participation rates in elementary and high school may be increasing, data on the rates of completion, survival, dropout and retention are not showing substantial improvements. The dropout rate, in fact, is increasing.End of the roadChina de Vera, 16, is a senior student at Quirino High School in Quezon City and chair of the high school chapter of the League of Filipino Students (LFS). She will be graduating next month.Instead of being excited about her graduation, de Vera feared that she and most of her batchmates may not be able to enter college. “Only a few are given (that) opportunity. For most us, high school graduation marks the end of our days in...