Drop Out Situation Ha Giang

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TABLE OF CONTENT

1.INTRODUCTION2
1.2 BACKGROUND2
1.3 RESEARCH TOPIC2
1.4 RESEARCH QUESTIONS3

2. THEORETICAL DEFINITIONS3

3. METHOD & METHODOLOGY3
3.1 TARGET GROUP4
3.2 SAMPLING4
3.3 METHODS APPLIED & ISSUES ENCOUNTERED5
3.4 ETHICAL CONCERNS10

4. SUMMARY RESEARCH11

5. TENTATIVE CONCLUSIONS16

6. RECOMMENDATIONS17

1. INTRODUCTION

For twelve days in March 2013, one student form SGS and one from FIS, performed a minor field study in the third village of Nam Dich. This has been a part of a course that has been composed through collaboration between the faculty of Global Studies at the University of Gothenburg and the faculty of International Studies at Hanoi University. The course is an opportunity for the students to perform a minor study within a subject that they find interesting in the local context of Nam Dich. In doing this the students have had the opportunity to use different academic methods in collecting data and also assess how they as researcher relate to ethical and methodological concerns.  

1.2 BACKGROUND
Ethnic minority group’s makes up for 15% of Vietnams total population, but they are still representing 47% of Vietnams poor. According to the World Bank report, poverty in Vietnam is still closely linked to low education attainment. The report also states that the enrolment in primary school is high and at the same level across different social categories. When looking at the lower secondary school, the figures change, the minorities have a tendency to drop out, especially if they are within the category of poor or extreme poor (WB. R 73, 76). In Ha Giang province education is seen as an important aspect of development but the enrolment continuously drop after primary school and few pursue higher education (Jörgensen, 2006, 139-141). Our field research has taken place in the third village of Nam Dich within the ethnic minority Tay.

1.3 RESEARCH TOPIC

The multifaceted aspects of why dropouts occur are the core issue in our field report. Assessing the different reasons why the children are not able to succeed within the education system is important seen to the broader context presented above and something that caught our attention during our first stay in Village 3 of Nam Dich Commune. Central in the report is what kind of possibilities that are presented to the children. How do they percive their opportunities and what effects do that have on their ambitions? Therefore our research also includes assessing the parents and teachers perspective in relation to what the children wants. This means that the report will take into account the perspectives from children, parents and teacher with a common focus to understand hindrance for succeeding in school. Also a big focus of ours is to assess the opportunity and will of the children. 1.4 RESEARCH QUESTIONS

The reports main research questions are:
* What are the most common obstacles preventing secondary children within Tay minority, in village three of Nam Dich commune, from continuing with secondary school or move on to higher education? * How do the children review their opportunities in compared to the parents perception?

2. THEORETICAL DEFINITIONS
To put our topic and research in a broader theoretical context we have chosen to assess our findings from the capability and functionings approach (Tikley, Barrett).

We choose to understand capability as the opportunities of realising different functionings that an individual value for one self. Capability here is not understood as skills but rather freedom and opportunity for these children to make use of their own assets as individuals into achievements or outcomes within the school system (Tikley, Barrett). Functionings is understood as states and activities that constitute a person. To simplify, we will use these terms to look at opportunity to achieve and the actual achievement. Our...
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