Drivers and Challenges on Motivation

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Journal of Emerging Trends in Economics and Management Sciences (JETEMS) 2 (5): 413-417 © Scholarlink Research Institute Journals, 2011 (ISSN: 2141-7024) jetems.scholarlinkresearch.org Journal of Emerging Trends in Economics and Management Sciences (JETEMS) 2(5):413-417 (ISSN:2141-7024)

Drivers and Challenges of Motivation for Casual Workers on Construction Sites Ibironke O. T, Adedokun O. A and Hungbo A. A Quantity Surveying Department, Federal University of Technology, Akure. Corresponding Author: Adedokun O. A ___________________________________________________________________________ Abstract Motivation is the set of processes that determine the choices people make about their behaviours. Implementing a well formulated motivation policy triggers the innate qualities of labourers (employees) by enhancing their productivity. This study investigates the drivers of motivation for casual workers on the construction sites by identifying the factors responsible for motivation and challenges to the motivation of casual workers in Nigerian construction industry. Relevant literature were reviewed and 18-point evaluation questionnaire was developed on the drivers of motivation while 11 were collated for the challenges of motivation for casual workers on construction site. The questionnaires were then distributed to the professionals and labourers within construction sites in Lagos state, Nigeria. The data collected were analysed using descriptive and inferential statistics. The study indicates that casual workers give in their best when there are provisions of reward for the good work and excellence, also when they are adequately provided with working equipments and facilities and that there is no significant difference in the perception of labourers and professionals on the drivers and challenges of motivation for casual workers on construction sites __________________________________________________________________________________________ Keywords: motivation, construction sites, drivers, reward, casual workers __________________________________________________________________________________________ INTRODUCTION Choudhry, 1996; Gilbert and Walker, 2001). Workers Site workers (labourers) account for up to forty who are inadequately motivated according to Ng et al per cent of the direct capital cost of large (2004) become apathetic or even resentful of their construction projects (Yisa, Holt, and Zakeri, 2000). work. Unmotivated workers tend to make only a There is a need to maximize the productivity of labour minimal effort, with a commensurate lowering of resources to improve performance in the construction potential overall output and quality of work. Since the work as observed by Ng, Skitmore, Lam and Poon workers are directly responsible for carrying out the (2004). However, research has shown that only a third construction work, suitable motivation is necessary for to a half of workers' time is spent on direct work maximizing their productivity (Ng et al, 2004). activities (Uwakweh, 2000). An excessive amount of Motivation is the set of processes that determine the abortive time occurs as a combined result of the nature choices people make about their behaviours, motivation and ambiance of construction work. Site staff are is a moral booster. In business, motivation is not frequently confronted with problems, such as extensive synonymous with salaries; money is a means for rework, waiting for materials and tools, constantly accommodating the economic needs of workers. moving from one work area to another, confusing Motivation means an inner wholesome desire to exert work, lack of identity with the project, and lack of effort without the external stimulus of money and recognition for performance (Smithers, 2000). A study according to Thwala and Monese (2008) is the ability carried out by US Department of Energy (DOE) and as of indoctrinating the personnel with a unity of noted by Dai, Goodrum, and Maloney (2007) on craft...
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