Dripdrop Bacterial Detection

Topics: Drinking water, Water purification, Water treatment Pages: 28 (9622 words) Published: February 25, 2013
Ensuring the Social, Political, and Technological Protection of Water Quality

Protecting Against Bacterial, Parasitic, and Protozoan Pathogens

Nathan Pankowsky

Contents
Abstract....................................................................................................................................................... 2 Introduction ............................................................................................................................................... 3 Background ................................................................................................................................................ 4 Discussion................................................................................................................................................. 13 Technology............................................................................................................................................ 13 Evolution of Regulated Testing ................................................................................................... 13 Chlorination and Selection ........................................................................................................... 14 EPA Testing ..................................................................................................................................... 15 Solutions ........................................................................................................................................... 17 Political Factors .................................................................................................................................. 20 Social Factors....................................................................................................................................... 22 Incidence of Illness ......................................................................................................................... 22 Activism Motivations ..................................................................................................................... 23 Conclusion ................................................................................................................................................ 24 Intellectual Merits .............................................................................................................................. 25 Broader Impact ................................................................................................................................... 25 DripDrop’s Role ................................................................................................................................... 27 Appendix ................................................................................................................................................... 28 Bibliography............................................................................................................................................. 30

Pankowsky 1

Abstract
Rachel Aldrich drank part of a 25 cent cup of water that killed her. She wasn’t alone – 1,000 other people fell ill and a few others died at the Washington County Fair that day. This is not an isolated incident: there are 19.5 million Americans that fall ill every year from waterborne illness. The problem is systemic. There is a lack of reporting infrastructure, testing is slow, and a culture of laxity both hinders progress and is a disaster in the making. In order to combat this problem, an in line real time bacterial detection device has been developed that will report automatically, quantify contaminants, and bring attention to potential problems. This device will address the source quality of water, the purification effectiveness, and protecting infrastructure and diagnosing problems. No test exists that can test directly for live/dead presence in line in a matter of seconds. The...
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