D inking Water
© UNICEF and World Health Organization 2012 All rights reserved. UNICEF and the World Health Organization welcome requests for permission to reproduce or translate their publications – whether for sale or for non-commercial distribution. Applications and enquiries should be addressed to UNICEF, Division of Communication, 3 United Nations Plaza, New York 10017, USA (fax: +1 212 303 7985; e-mail: email@example.com) or to WHO Press through the WHO website: http://www. who.int/about/licensing/copyright_form/en/index.html The designations employed and the presentation of the material in this publication do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNICEF or the World Health Organization concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries. Dotted and dashed lines on maps represent approximate border lines for which there may not yet be full agreement. The figures included in this report have been estimated by the WHO/UNICEF Joint Monitoring Programme for Water Supply and Sanitation (www.wssinfo.org) to ensure compatibility, thus they are not necessarily the official statistics of the concerned country, area or territory, which may use alternative rigorous methods. UNICEF and the World Health Organization do not warrant that the information contained in this publication is complete and correct and shall not be liable for any damages incurred as a result of its use. WHO Library Cataloguing-in-Publication Data Progress on Drinking Water and Sanitation: 2012 Update 1. Water supply – standards. 2. Potable water – supply and distribution. 3. Sanitation 4. Millennium Development Goals. 5. Programme evaluation I. WHO/UNICEF Joint Monitoring Programme for Water Supply and Sanitation. ISBN: 978-92-806-4632-0 (NLM classification: WA 670) ISBN: 972-924-1503297 Printed in the United States of America DESIGN: Emerson, Wajdowicz Studios / NYC / www.DesignEWS.com PHOTO CrEDITS: Front Cover © The Water Institute at the University of North Carolina (UNC)/Heather Arney, 2011, India; P. i UNICEF/Warrick
Page; P. 3 UNICEF/Olivier Asselin; P. 4 UNICEF/Kate Holt; P. 8 UNICEF/Noah Friedman-rudovsky; P. 11 UNICEF/Eric Bouvet; P. 12 UNICEF/ Veronique de Viguerie; P. 14 UNICEF/Jean-Baptiste Lopez; P. 15 UNICEF/ Marta ramoneda; P. 16 UNICEF/Josh Estey; P. 18 UNICEF/ Susan Markisz; P. 22 UNICEF/Marco Dormino; P. 23 UNICEF/Kate Holt; P. 25 UNICEF/Marco Dormino; P. 26 UNICEF/Olivier Asselin; P. 27 UNICEF/Olivier Asselin; P. 28 UNICEF/Ami Vitale; P. 29 UNICEF/roger LeMoyne; P. 31 (top): UNICEF/Olivier Asselin; (bottom): UNICEF/ Shehzad Noorani; P. 32 UNICEF/Tibebu Lemma; P. 37 UNICEF/roger LeMoyne; Back Cover © The Water Institute at UNC/Emily Zuehlke, 2011, Uganda
Progress on and
D inking Water
PrOGrESS ON DrINKING WATEr AND SANITATION > 2012 UPDATE
Since the adoption of the Millennium Development Goals, the WHO/UNICEF Joint Monitoring Programme for Water Supply and Sanitation has reported on progress towards achieving Target 7c: reducing by half the proportion of people without sustainable access to safe drinking water and basic sanitation. This report contains the welcome announcement that, as of 2010, the target for drinking water has been met. Since 1990, more than 2 billion people have gained access to improved drinking water sources. This achievement is a testament to the commitment of Government leaders, public and private sector entities, communities and individuals who saw the target not as a dream, but as a vital step towards improving health and well-being. Of course, much work remains to be done. There are still 780 million people without access to an improved drinking water source. And even though 1.8 billion people have gained access to improved sanitation since 1990, the world remains off track for the sanitation...