AS AN ALTERNATIVE SOURCE OF PAPER
Bamboo plants are identified as species of subfamily Bambusoideae, family Gramineae. They are distributed in many parts of the world. There are more than 1200 species of 50 genera of bamboo. There is approximate 22 million ha bamboo forest area worldwide that can be divided into three big divisions e.g. Asia and Pacific, America and Africa. China, India, Southeastern Asian nations, some of nations of Africa and Latin America are rich in bamboo resource (Zhou 1998). Among them, China is richest of bamboo forest because of locating at the center region of bamboo distribution. In China, there are approximate 400 species of 35 genera of bamboo, which is one third of total species in the world. Bamboo is a woody perennial evergreen plant that is actually part of the true grass family. Although they can grow to towering heights, bamboo is not actually considered a tree. Bamboo belongs to the family Poaceae, subfamily Bambusoideae, tribe Bambuseae. Bamboo along with being one of the tallest grasses in the world is also the fastest growing plant in the world, capable of growing 3 to 4 feet per day. Bamboo can be found all over the world in varied climates, from the cold mountainous regions to the hot tropical areas. They can be found in North and South America, throughout East Asia, northern Australia, and southern Africa. Bamboo is a huge business worldwide, and provides shelter, utensils, furniture, and food for some 2.2 billion people. Bamboo has some amazing properties that have been manipulated by mankind over the ages. Bamboo is used in functions from reinforcement of concrete buildings in place of steel rebar, to meals for millions of people in the orient. Although mature bamboo has tensile strength greater than mild steel, its shoots are tender enough for human consumption. Bamboo is used in scaffolding architecture for high rise buildings across the Far East, and is used to make strong light plywood boards that are used in every construction application you could imagine. Bamboo can be used to cook in, eat off of, eat, sit on, walk on, ride on, and live under. Bamboo fiber is a cellulose fiber extracted or fabricated from natural and is made from the pulp of bamboo plants. It is usually not made from the fibers of the plant, but is a synthetic viscose made from bamboo cellulose. (In the US, the Federal Trade Commission (FTC) has ruled that unless a yarn is made directly with bamboo fiber — often called “mechanically processed bamboo” — it must be called "rayon" or "rayon made from bamboo". Bamboo has gained popularity as a "green" fiber. Manufacturers tout the fact that bamboo can be cultivated quickly, can be used as a cash crop to develop impoverished regions of the third world, and is a natural whose cultivation results in a decrease in greenhouse gases. At present, prices of commodities are getting higher like paper which is used by students in school every day. The researchers think that bamboo leaf’ fiber can be an alternative source of paper so they come up of this investigatory project. With this study, the researchers can learn that bamboo plant cannot only used in providing shelter, utensils, furniture, and food but can also be used in making alternative paper. Since our world today has so many consumers of paper, the researchers thought of making paper out of bamboo fibers. The community will have a discovery of the many uses of bamboo plant and gain more knowledge and creativity on its uses and what they can make out of it. If this investigatory project would be successful, it will be a great help not only to student but also to all consumers of paper.
Statement of the Problem
This research study seeks to answer the following:
1.Can bamboo leaf’ fibers can be used as an alternative in making paper? 2.Will it be acceptable in the market if dried bamboo leaves are used as an ingredient in...