Supreme Court Case Name & Date: Dred Scott v. Sandford , 1857 | Constitutional Amendment or Article related to this issue: Articles III and IV| Democratic Ideals: Equality, Democracy, Liberty, Justice, Protection, Rights, Opportunity, Unity, Tranquility, Well-beingWhich of the Democratic ideals (above) are related to this issue: rights, equality, justice, opportunity.| OPPOSING SIDES IN THE ARGUMENT|
Using the OYEZ.org web site, you can find the PETITIONER & RESPONDENT by clicking on the hypertext link titled “Docket”.The PETITIONER is the party who initiates the court case, the ‘opponent’ is referred to as the RESPONDENT| PETITIONER: WHAT do they want? To be free.|RESPONDENT: WHAT do they want?They want the petitioner to be a slave that has no rights, not a citizen.| PETITIONER: WHO- Stakeholders with Issue & Constitution(list at list 3 in an order YOU think is most important)1.
. Dred Scott2.
. Harriet Robinson3.
. Mrs. Emerson's brother, John Sanford|RESPONDENT: WHO- Stakeholders with Issue & Constitution(list at list 3 in an order YOU think is most important)1.
. State of Missouri2.
. Mrs. Emerson3.
. United States Supreme Court| PETITIONER: WHY- Arguments for their position(list at list 3 in an order YOU think is most important)1.
. Scott's extended stay in Illinois, a free state, gave him the legal standing to make a claim for freedom2.
. The Missouri Supreme Court decided that case should be retried. In an 1850 retrial, the St Louis circuit court ruled that Scott and his family were free.3.
.Scott’s residence in free territory made him a free man|RESPONDENT: WHY- Arguments for their position(list at list 3 in an order YOU think is most important)1.
. Scott couldn't prove that he and Harriet were owned by Emerson's widow2.
. Because Scott was black, he was not a citizen and therefore had no right to sue3.
. No one but a citizen of the United States could be a citizen of a state, and that only Congress could confer national citizenship| What is the...
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