5a) The narrative point of view in the story is third person omniscient. This point of view suits the story because; the story catches all the thoughts and emotions of the characters that experience youth through the “fountain of youth”. The narrator seems to be above all the characters, expressing how their presence contributes to the storyline.
5b) The external references are people with an outside perspective or background characters that supports the story through visuals, thoughts and opinions, to help the reader’s comprehension. They provide a more in-depth look at the situation as well as what is around them.
8a) Four characters with similar personalities were chosen because Dr. Heidegger saw that they took their age for granted. They neglected that with their age came wisdom, a trait that can only come with aging. Using several different personalities for the experiment would’ve resulted in different outcomes, when the goal of Dr. Heidegger was to make all his “experiments” realize that youth will not always grant them the happiness they hoped for.
8b) At first Dr. Heidegger expected to cure the faults that came with growing old. As was his initial hypothesis to cure death, after experiencing the horror with his long lost love. After seeing the success on the withering flower he had kept since the passing of his lover, he hopes that the water from the fountain of youth will help enrich life. Yet when offered a drink himself from one his friends, he realizes that aging is not pain but rather peace.
8c) Dr. Heidegger expected his friends to learn that life is sacred, and that aging is a natural process that shouldn’t be despised. After realizing for himself that aging is the only way to gain wisdom, and not foolishness of the young, he accepts his circumstances, which his friends have not yet been able to fully grasp. His “subjects” forget the lessons they have learned from aging and bask themselves in their...