Doctor Faustus: Summary:
Act 1, scene 1:
As a prologue to the play, the chorus enters and introduces Doctor Faustus and his history to the audience. During Marlowe and Shakespeare's time, a chorus was frequently used in a play to act as narrator and interpreter. They explain that Faustus was born into a middle-class family in Rhodes, Germany and later traveled to Wittenberg for higher studies. He became renowned as a brilliant scholar and immersed himself in studying necromancy, the conjuration of the living dead. The chorus alludes to the Greek myth of Icarus and Daedalus, comparing Faustus to the self-conceited Icarus who broke all boundaries only to meet with his demise. Thus, the chorus foreshadows Faustus's eventual hellish fall. The chorus leaves and the audience finds Faustus in his study, deep in thought. He is not happy with himself, despite the fact that he is an excellent physician and scholar. Faustus wants to make men live eternally, thereby eliminating the problem of death once and for all. His greatest wish is to be the world's first successful necromantic practitioner. Faustus knows that if he can raise the dead, he will have incomparable power over humanity. He asks to see his friends Valdes and Cornelius, who are very interested in his work. While Faustus is waiting for them in his study, good and evil angels talk to him. The good angel advises Faustus to relinquish this blasphemous profession for fear of God's wrath. The evil angel urges him to continue his work and become the commander of the elements. Faustus daydreams about becoming very rich and powerful and resolves to continue studying and practicing the dark arts. Cornelius and Valdes enter and are pleased to find that Faustus has finally agreed to work with them in necromancy. The three friends and partners retire for the night with the resolve to become expert sorcerers.
Act 1, scene 2:
The second scene opens with two students at Wittenberg, who are Faustus's acquaintances. They are wondering what happened to him and why he is no longer at school. The pair asks Faustus's servant Wagner about his whereabouts. Wagner replies that he is in the company of Valdes and Cornelius. The two students are aghast, for Valdes and Cornelius are infamous for practicing the dark arts. They hurry off to meet the Rector and inform him of the unsettling news. Act 1, scene 3:
Faustus is busy conjuring devils and showing off his newfound knowledge. He succeeds in conjuring up the devil Mephistopheles. Faustus wants Mephostophilis to be his servant, but the devil replies that he is already Lucifer's servant and cannot enter the service of another without his permission. Faustus tells Mephostophilis that he is willing to surrender his soul to Lucifer if will be granted twenty-four years of life in luxury and power on earth. He boasts that he has no fear of damnation or God, and would gladly give his all in the worship of the devil.
Act 1, scene 4:
Faustus's servant Wagner engages in conversation with an impudent clown and they exchange a comical repartee. The clown refuses to be Wagner's servant until Wagner conjures up two devils to frighten him. The clown is amazed at this display of magic, and agrees to serve Wagner as long as he can learn how to practice the dark arts as well. Act 1, scene 5:
Faustus is in his study, awaiting Lucifer who will finalize the surrender of his soul. He is having doubts and wonders if it is too late to repent and turn to God. The good and evil angels reenter both pleading different cases. The good angel tells Faustus that prayer and repentance are the only means of getting to heaven; the evil angel retorts that these practices are sheer lunacy. The evil angel succeeds in being more influential, and leaves Faustus dreaming about riches and power. Mephostophilis enters at the stroke of midnight and tells him that Lucifer has agreed to the deal if Faustus will write the deed with his own...
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