“Liberty, Equality and Fraternity
Educate, Agitate and Organize!”
Said by: Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar.
A Champion of Human Rights, Dr. Bhimrao Ambedkar was a multi dimensional personality. He was a great thinker, a philosopher, a true revolutionist, a prolific writer & at the top a devoted reformer. His undeniable reforms in annihilating Caste, his views regarding women empowerment, his Dalit movement are really credible moves to wage a counter revolution against Hindu Religion. The noble cause to have unification of caste was one of the constitutional features of Democracy which he propagated that label him as a precursor of Social Democracy to meet the present day situation. The operation of caste, his views on Women’s oppression, his reinterpretation of the role of the monk proves him to be a social reformer that warrants a close examination of his biography & his lion’s share to set a perfect platform for World’s biggest Democratic country none other than India. Dr. B. R. Ambedkar, Bhimji Ramji Ambedkar was born on April 14th, 1891, in Mhow, Madhya Pradesh. His parents both were untouchables. His father was a retired army officer and headmaster in a military school, and his mother an illiterate woman. Because he was born as an untouchable, he was made to sit in a corner of the class room, separated from other students. Despite all kinds of humiliations, he passed his high school in 1908. This was an exceptional achievement for an untouchable. After his matriculation he was married to Ramabai. Bhim noticed that his whole family was treated differently. At high school he had to sit in corner of the room on a rough mat, away from the desks of the other pupils. At breaktime, he was not allowed to drink water using the cups his fellow school children used. He had to hold his cupped hands out to have water poured into them by the school caretaker. Bhim did not know why he should be treated differently, what was wrong with him? Once, he and his elder brother had to travel to Goregaon, where their father worked as a cashier, to spend their summer holidays. They got off the train and waited for a long time at the station, but Ramji did not arrive to meet them. The station master seemed kind, and asked them who they were and where they were going. The boys were very well-dressed and polite. Bhim told him they were Mahars. The station master was stunned and he went away. Bhim decided to hire a bullock-cart to take them to their father, this was before motor cars were used as taxis, but the cart-men had heard that the boys were ‘untouchables’, and wanted nothing to do with them. Finally, they had to agree to pay double the usual cost of the journey, plus they had to drive the cart themselves, while the driver walked beside it. He was afraid of being polluted by the boys, because they were ‘untouchables’. However, the extra money persuaded him that he could have his cart ‘purified’ later! Throughout the journey, Bhim thought constantly about that. yet he could not understand the reason for it. He and his brother were well dressed. Yet they were supposed to pollute and make unclean everything they touched and all that touched them. How could that be possible? Bhim never forgot this incident. As he grew up, such senseless insults made him realize that what Hindu society called ‘untouchability’ was unreasonable. His sister had to cut his hair at home because the village barbers were afraid of being polluted by them. If he asked her why they were ‘untouchables’, she could only answer, that is the way it has always been. Bhim could not be satisfied with this answer. He knew that, it has always been that way does not mean that there is a just reason for it, or that it had to stay that way forever. It could change. At this time in his young life, with his mother dead and father working away from the village where Bhim went to school, he had some good fortune. His teacher, though from...