There have been a number of great people in the world who have dedicated themselves to the struggles of the emancipation and upliftment of the powerless victims of the systems in their countries. Dr. Ambedkar has been a great advocate of equal rights and equal opportunities for all human beings irrespective of any kind of discriminatory elements. Ambedkar is well-known as the champion of the human rights of the voiceless in India. He himself has been a victim of the system although he has been a great scholar in the world because he was born in a Dalit community whose members have been looked down upon for centuries by the people of their country, especially by the caste Hindus.
From time immemorial members of the so-called untouchable communities, tribes, nomadic and denotified communities, religious minorities and women belonging to all communities have been the greatest victims of the prevailing conservative system. In the distant past, these people were subjected to all evil practices by the dominant and privileged people in society. They did not have any right to have equal opportunities in any sphere. However, in the course of time change in the existence of the then victims had been brought about to some extent. The presence of the British rulers in India contributed a lot to this kind of progressive change.
In modern India people from every community have access to the means of transformation for the better to certain extent. The constitution of India has ensured egalitarian platform for all the citizens in India. Victims of the system like members of the Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes, Other Backward Castes, Religious Minorities and women are found to be excelling in various fields thanks to the constitution whose architect was none other than Ambedkar.
Ambedkar`s concept of social equality consists of equal rights and equal opportunities to all citizens in the society; there should not be privileges to certain classes or castes and there should not be any class or caste deprived of opportunities and rights; there should not exist any class discrimination and caste discrimination. That is why he opposes class discrimination and caste discrimination.
According to Ambedkar, an egalitarian society should be based on humanitarian principles like equality, liberty and fraternity. While giving supreme importance to these principles, he says that these three principles are equally important. He advocated social democracy. He states that to keep the social democracy intact these three principles cannot be separated. They are interconnected in the existence of democracy. Here the researcher makes an attempt to discuss Ambedkar`s perspective of social equality and how it is still relevant to the existence of the suffering communities in the present world. Today one can find an almost every society in the world devoid of practice of the humanitarian principles like equality, liberty fraternity and justice.
Right from the time of Ambedkar leaders of various sections of the society have not cooperated with him and his mission in spite of his progressive and reformative intentions. Before 1935 Ambedkar tried his best to abolish various evil and detrimental social and religious practices and reform the then stagnant and conservative society. However, because of the non-cooperation of other Indian leaders and their narrow vision of the Indian society discriminatory elements could not be abolished. Even today Ambedkar`s demands for separate electorates can very strongly be justified. His demands for separate electorates could easily safeguard the interests of the downtrodden and Dalit political representatives could give protection to them. Although the Dalit political representatives are elected to Parliament and assemblies in the states of India, they could not safeguard the interests of the downtrodden and protect them from any kind of injustices,...