Down Syndrome

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DOWN SYNDROME
A4
Health Occ. 1
January 4, 2012

Table of Contents/Outline
* History
* Development and Progression
* Diagnosis
* Treatment
* Required lifestyle changes
* Prevention

Down Syndrome is defined by the A.D.A.M Medical Encyclopedia as a genetic condition in which a person has 47 chromosomes instead of the normal 46. The extra chromosome causes the brain and the body to work differently and to not communicate as well as someone with out the extra chromosome. Down Syndrome was first discovered by John Langdon Down in 1866when he linked the name Down Syndrome to a decreased intellectual ability and categorized it as a syndrome. Down Syndrome was first referred to mongoloid, because the facial features of a person with Down Syndrome resembled much of the Mongolian decent. It was not until 1959 that Dr. Jerome Lejeune, a French physician, made the discovery that Down Syndrome was the result of a chromosomal abnormality Down Syndrome is not hereditary, meaning it is not anyone’s fault that the baby has this syndrome. The trait is usually handed down from the mother and rarely from the father. Although there is no definite link to who is able to pass on the gene, the rate is babies born to older women show a definite link to the age of the mother. It is said that out of every eight hundred babies born at least one of them is going to have Down Syndrome. It can affect people of all ages, races, religions, backgrounds and there is nothing that can prevent a baby from being born with Down Syndrome. It can happen to anyone. Down Syndrome is the number one birth defect in the United Stated as of a survey in 2011.

Symptoms of Down Syndrome can range from mild to severe and can change depending on the person, although children with Down Syndrome have very distinct appearances. Some examples of these differences are a smaller or oddly shaped head and rounded corners of the eyes instead of pointed. Children with Down Syndrome also...
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